Diagnostic Dilemmas Caused by Silicones

  • Gustavo Emilio SchenoneEmail author


The symptoms and degree of clinical involvement of the breast through the injection of liquid silicones vary widely. The manifestations sometimes do not show up immediately after the administration of the silicone, but within a few months or until almost more than a decade after its implementation, these being the product of the immune reaction to a foreign body.

It is important to point out that mammary siliconomas impede an adequate clinical examination, because the inflammatory reaction in the mammary parenchyma makes it difficult to evaluate through mammography, mammary ultrasound, or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). One thing that is of no doubt is that the prognosis of breast cancer is highly contingent upon its early diagnosis. There also is no doubt that siliconomas interfere with and, thereby, may delay the early detection of breast cancer, due to the numerous difficulties they cause in breast evaluation.


Systemic complications Flu-like symptoms Pulmonary emboli Deaths Cancer Diagnostic dilemmas Early diagnosis Mammography Breast ultrasound 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Plastic Surgery, University of Buenos AiresBuenos AiresArgentina

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