Advertisement

Ten Years on: A Look at the Legacy of the Eritrea-Ethiopia Claims Commission

  • Thomas R. SniderEmail author
  • Aishwarya Suresh Nair
Chapter
Part of the Ethiopian Yearbook of International Law book series (EtYIL, volume 2018)

Abstract

This paper analyses the work of the Eritrea-Ethiopia Claims Commission, which was established in December 2000 to adjudicate claims for loss, damage and injury arising from violations of international law that occurred during the 1998–2000 conflict between Eritrea and Ethiopia. In particular, this paper critically considers some of the Commission’s legal and practical innovations and attempts, from its analysis, to draw out some key lessons for future bodies that may have to work under similar situations with similar mandates. After providing contextual background on the conflict and the efforts to achieve a peaceful resolution of it in the first section, the second section of this paper describes the workings of the Commission. In the third section, the authors seek to critically analyse the legal and practical contributions of the Commission. The fourth section is devoted to considering the circumstances under which the constitution of such a body is appropriate. As part of this section, and with specific reference to the Ethiopia-Eritrea dispute, the paper weighs the strengths of such bodies against bodies with a purely fact-finding mandate. The fifth and final section then presents a summary of the key findings of the paper.

References

Books

  1. Brownlie I (2003) Principles of public international law. Oxford University PressGoogle Scholar
  2. Gilkes P, Plaut M (1999) War in the horn: the conflict between Eritrea and Ethiopia. Royal Institute of International Affairs, LondonGoogle Scholar
  3. Gray C (2004) International law and the use of force, 2nd edn. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  4. Henckaerts JM, Doswald-Beck L (eds) (2005a) Customary international humanitarian law, vol 1. Cambridge University PressGoogle Scholar
  5. Henckaerts JM, Doswald-Beck L (eds) (2005b) Customary international humanitarian law, vol 2. Cambridge University PressGoogle Scholar
  6. Holtzmann HM, Kristjánsdóttir E (eds) (2007) International mass claims processes: legal and practical perspectives. Oxford University PressGoogle Scholar
  7. Houtte H, Delmartino B, Yi I (2008) Post-war restoration of property rights under international law, volume I: institutional features and substantive law. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  8. Murphy S, Kidane W, Snider T (2013) Litigating war: mass civil injury and the Eritrea-Ethiopia claims commission. Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  9. Chapters in Books

    1. Desta M (this volume) Peace agreements between Ethiopia and Eritrea: ending two decades of hostilities—an introductory note. In: Yihdego Z, Desta MG, Hailu MB (eds) Ethiopian Yearbook of International Law 2018: in pursuit of peace and prosperity. Springer, Cham, pp 261–268Google Scholar
    2. Greppi E (2009) The 2000 Algiers Agreements. In: de Guttry A, Post H, Venturini G (eds) The 1998–2000 war between Eritrea and Ethiopia: an international legal perspective. TMC Asser Press, pp 55–77Google Scholar
    3. Lata L (2003) The Ethiopia-Eritrea war. In: Boulden J (ed) Dealing with conflict in Africa: the United Nations and regional organizations. Palgrave Macmillan, New York, pp 153–184CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    4. Plaut M (2005) The conflict and its aftermath. In: Jacquin-Berdal D, Plaut M (eds) Unfinished business: Eritrea and Ethiopia at war. Red Sea PressGoogle Scholar
    5. Randelzhofer A (2002) Article 51. In: Simma B (ed) The charter of the United Nations: a commentary, vol I. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 789–799Google Scholar
    6. Sommario E (2009) State responsibility for violations of international humanitarian law in the work of the Eritrea-Ethiopia claims commission. In: de Guttry A, Post H, Venturini G (eds) The 1998–2000 war between Eritrea and Ethiopia: an international legal perspective. TMC Asser Press, pp 393–407Google Scholar
    7. Venturini G (2009) International law and the conduct of military operations. In: de Guttry A, Post H, Venturini G (eds) The 1998–2000 war between Eritrea and Ethiopia: an international legal perspective. TMC Asser Press, pp 279–305Google Scholar
    8. Weeramantry R (2009) International law as to the use of force. In: de Guttry A, Post H, Venturini G (eds) The 1998–2000 war between Eritrea and Ethiopia: an international legal perspective. TMC Asser Press, pp 227–242Google Scholar
    9. Yiallourides C, Yihdego Z (this volume) Disputed territories and the law on the use of force: lessons from the Eritrea-Ethiopia case. In: Yihdego Z, Desta MG, Hailu MB (eds) Ethiopian Yearbook of International Law 2018: in pursuit of peace and prosperity. Springer, Cham, pp 35–62Google Scholar

    Journal Articles

    1. Dybnis A (2011) Was the Eritrea–Ethiopia claims commission merely a zero-sum game?: Exposing the limits of arbitration in resolving violent transnational conflict. Loyola Los Angeles Int Compet Law Rev 33:255–286Google Scholar
    2. Gray C (2006) The Eritrea-Ethiopia claims commission oversteps its boundaries: a partial award? Eur J Int Law 17(4):699–721CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    3. Kidane W (2007) Civil liability for violations of international humanitarian law: the jurisprudence of the Eritrea-Ethiopia claims commission in The Hague. Wis Int Law J 25(1):23–87Google Scholar
    4. Klein N (2004) State responsibility for international humanitarian law violations and the work of the Eritrea-Ethiopia claims commission so far. Germ Yearb Int Law 47:214–266Google Scholar
    5. Yihdego Z (2012) The Gaza Mission: implications for international humanitarian law and UN fact finding. Melb J Int Law 13(1):6–59Google Scholar

    UN Documents/Reports

    1. UNSC (1998) Letter from the Permanent Representative of Ethiopia to the United Nations Addressed to the President of the Security Council (28 December 1998). U.N. Doc. S/1998/1223Google Scholar
    2. UNSC (2000) Report of the Secretary-General on Ethiopia and Eritrea to the Security Council (27 June 2000). U.N. Doc. S/2000/643Google Scholar
    3. UNSC (2001) Progress Report of the Secretary-General on Ethiopia and Eritrea (19 June 2001). U.N. Doc. S/2001/608Google Scholar

    Official Statements

    1. U.S. Department of State (1998) Press Statement, The Dispute Between Ethiopia and Eritrea (3 June 1998). https://1997-2001.state.gov/briefings/statements/1998/ps980603.html

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Al Tamimi and CompanyDubaiUAE
  2. 2.National Law Institute UniversityBhopalIndia

Personalised recommendations