Advertisement

The Analysis of Key Performance Indicators (KPI) in 4G/LTE Networks

  • Fidel Krasniqi
  • Liljana Gavrilovska
  • Arianit MarajEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering book series (LNICST, volume 283)

Abstract

The main challenge of MNOs (Mobile Network Operators) is providing multimedia services with high performance. The 4G/LTE technology has been developed to meet user requirements and provide high network performance. In order to monitor and optimize the network performance, there is a need of using Key Performance Indicators (KPIs). The KPIs can control the quality of provided services and achieved resource utilization. These indicators are categorized into the following subcategories: accessibility, retainability, mobility, integrity and availability. The presented analysis is performed on real network implemented by Telecom of Kosovo (TK) that is the main mobile Operator in Kosovo. Measurements and analysis are focused on a 24-cell cluster of 4G/LTE TK.

Keywords

Multimedia Mobility Integrity Availability 4G/LTE 

References

  1. 1.
    Huang, J., et al.: A close examination of performance and power characteristics of 4G LTE networks. In: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Mobile Systems, Applications, and Services. ACM (2012)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Krasniqi, F., Maraj, A., Blaka, E.: Performance analysis of mobile 4G/LTE networks. In: 2018 South Eastern European Design Automation, Computer Engineering, Computer Networks and Social Media Conference (SEEDA-CECNSM), Kastoria, Greece, 22–24 September 2018. IEEE/Scopus (2018)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Han, C., Choi, H.: Security analysis of handover key management in 4G LTE/SAE networks. IEEE Trans. Mob. Comput. 13(2), 457–468 (2014).  https://doi.org/10.1109/tmc.2012.242CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Krishnamoorthy, V., Mathi, S.: Security enhancement of handover key management based on media access control address in 4G LTE networks. In: 2015 IEEE International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Computing Research (ICCIC), Madurai, pp. 1–5 (2015).  https://doi.org/10.1109/iccic.2015.7435819
  5. 5.
    ElNashar, A., El-saidny, M.A., Sherif, M.: Performance analysis and optimization of LTE key features: C‐DRX, CSFB, and MIMO. In: Design, Deployment and Performance of 4G-LTE Networks: A Practical Approach. Wiley (2014).  https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118703434.ch4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Aryanti, D.R., Haryadi, S.: Analysis of Harmony in Gradation index on 5G cellular network: quantitative analysis. In: 2017 11th International Conference on Telecommunication Systems Services and Applications (TSSA), Lombok, pp. 1–5 (2017).  https://doi.org/10.1109/tssa.2017.8272912
  7. 7.
    Ding, Z., et al.: On the performance of non-orthogonal multiple access in 5G systems with randomly deployed users. arXiv preprint arXiv:1406.1516 (2014)
  8. 8.
    Bae, J.S., et al.: Architecture and performance evaluation of MmWave based 5G mobile communication system. In: 2014 International Conference on Information and Communication Technology Convergence (ICTC). IEEE (2014)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lei, L., et al.: Prototype for 5G new air interface technology SCMA and performance evaluation. China Commun. 12(Supplement), 38–48 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Wang, Y., Jing, X., Jiang, L.: Challenges of system-level simulations and performance evaluation for 5G wireless networks. IEEE Access 2, 1553–1561 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Tesema, F.B., et al.: Mobility modeling and performance evaluation of multi-connectivity in 5G intra-frequency networks. In: 2015 IEEE GLOBECOM Workshops (GC Wkshps). IEEE (2015)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Fan, W., et al.: A step toward 5G in 2020: low-cost OTA performance evaluation of massive MIMO base stations. IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag. 59(1), 38–47 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Zhang, J., et al.: Mobility enhancement and performance evaluation for 5G ultra dense networks. In: 2015 IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC). IEEE (2015)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Reunanen, J., Salo, J., Luostari, R.: LTE key performance indicator optimization, November 2015.  https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118912560.ch12Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    GPP Technical Specification 24.301, ‘Non-Access-Stratum (NAS) protocol for Evolved Packet System (EPS); Stage 3’, June 2011Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    GPP Technical Specification 32.450 v9.1.0, KPIs for E-UTRAN (Release 9) (2010)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    GPP Technical Specification 36201 v8.3.0, LTE Physical Layer general Description (Release 8) (2009)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Er Sh, A.: LTE Network Architecture. Link: http://ershoeb.blogspot.nl/2016/03/lte-network-architecture.html. Accessed 11 Jan 2018
  19. 19.
    Maraj, D., Sefa, R., Maraj, A.: QoS Evaluation for different WLAN standards. In: 2015 23rd International Conference on Software, Telecommunications and Computer Networks (SoftCOM), Split, pp. 190–194 (2015).  https://doi.org/10.1109/softcom.2015.7314115
  20. 20.
    Maraj, D., et al.: Performance analysis of WLAN 802.11G/N standards using OPNET (Riverbed) application. In: 2015 57th ELMAR, Zadar, pp. 129–132 (2015).  https://doi.org/10.1109/elmar.2015.7334513
  21. 21.
    Shatri, B., Maraj, A., Imeri, I.: Broadband Wireless Access (BWA) implementation in NGN network. In: Communication Theory, Reliability, and Quality of Service, CTRQ 2008 (2008)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Kryvinska, N., Strauss, C., Auer, L.: Next Generation applications mobility management with SOA - a scenario-based analysis, pp 415–420. IEEE (2010)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Kryvinska, N., Strauss, C., Collini-Nocker, B., Zinterhof, P.: A scenario of service-oriented principles adaptation to the telecom providers service delivery platform, pp 265–271. IEEE (2010)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Kryvinska, N., Strauss, C., Collini-Nocker, B., Zinterhof, P.: A scenario of voice services delivery over enterprise W/LAN networked platform, p 332. ACM Press (2008)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Maraj, A., Imeri, I.: WiMAX integration in NGN network, architecture, protocols and Services. WSEAS Trans. Commun. 8(7), 708–717 (2009)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Kryvinska, N., Strauss, C., Collini Nocker, B., Zinterhof, P.: Enterprise network maintaining mobility – architectural model of services delivery. Int. J. Pervasive Comput. Commun. 7, 114–131 (2011).  https://doi.org/10.1108/17427371111146419CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Maraj, A., Shehu, A., Miho Mitrushi, R.: Studying of different parameters that affect QoS in IPTV systems. In: 9PthP WSEAS International Conference on Telecommunication and Informatics (TELE-INFO 2010), Catania, Italy, 29–31 May 2010 (2010). ISSN: 1790-5117, ISBN: 978-954-92600-2-1Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Arianit, M., et al.: Bandwidth allocation for multiple IPTV users sharing the same link: a case study of Telecom of Kosovo. Turk. J. Electr. Eng. Comput. Sci. 25(4), 3227–3239 (2017)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Shehu, A., et al.: Analysis of QoS requirements for delivering IPTV over WiMAX technology. In: Conference on Software, Telecommunications and Computer Networks (SoftCOM), vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 380–385 (2010)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Maraj, A., Rugova, S.: Analysis of routing metrics for offering IPTV over WiMAX using fuzzy logic. WSEAS Trans. Commun. 9(7), 439–451 (2010). ISSN: 1109-2742Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Blaka, E.: Analiza e performances se rrjetave mobile 4G/LTE-rast studimi VALA. Mater thesis, AAB College, Faculty of Computer Sciences, under supervision of Prof. Arianit Maraj Prishtina (2018)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ICST Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fidel Krasniqi
    • 1
  • Liljana Gavrilovska
    • 1
  • Arianit Maraj
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in SkopjeSkopjeRepublic of Macedonia
  2. 2.Kosovo TelecomPrishtinaRepublic of Kosovo
  3. 3.Faculty of Computer SciencesAAB CollegePrishtinaRepublic of Kosovo

Personalised recommendations