The Remaking of Anglo-Afghan Relations
This chapter is interested in the making of the independence of Afghanistan in the diplomatic negotiations between representatives of the Afghan and colonial Indian governments in Rawalpindi, Mussoorie and Kabul between 1919 and 1921. In addition to a narrative starting point, it explores a wider history in the political relations existing between India and Afghanistan as well as between independence and empire. ‘The Remaking of Anglo-Afghan Relations’ argues that independence was an international question that required empire from whose dependence it had sprung, in terms of political recognition as well as ontological reasoning. 1919 brought independence, but it did not spell the end of empire. The British Legation in Kabul materialised diplomatic inequality.