Advertisement

The Role of Higher Education in the Maturity of Knowledge Commercialization Ecosystem

  • Mohsen Sepahi
  • Ghasem SalimiEmail author
  • Vahid Sohrabpour
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 43)

Abstract

Knowledge commercialization ecosystem is a concept, which considers a high level of convergence, synergy, participation, and innovation based on the interactions between parties involved in the process. In this paper, the knowledge commercialization ecosystem has been regarded as an open system and the role of higher education in the formation and maturity of it has been conceptualized. This study used a qualitative approach to explore the experiences of the knowledge commercialization experts through case studies. Thirty participants from four large universities of Iran participated in this study. The data was analysed through thematic analysis approach. The results showed that according to the experience and perspective of experts, higher education institutions play a vital role in maturity of knowledge commercialization ecosystem alongside the other institutions. Furthermore, this study explored the intellectual and practical barriers, drivers, vital processes and the concerns of knowledge commercialization. Finally, findings showed that by establishing an effective communication between Triple Helix Partners in Iran, the knowledge commercialization process would be facilitated through breaking down barriers and reducing costs.

Keywords

Knowledge commercialization Ecosystem Higher education Iran 

References

  1. 1.
    Friedrichsen M, Zarea H, Tayebi A, Abad FAS (2017) Competitive strategies of knowledge and innovation commercialization: a unified swot and fuzzy ahp approach. AD-minister (30):45–72Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ismail N, Nor MJM, Sidek S (2015) A Framework for a successful research products commercialisation: A case of Malaysian academic researchers. Procedia Soc Behav Sci 195:283–292CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Abdlatif NS, Abdullah A, Mohadjan N (2016) A pilot study of entrepreneurial orientation towards commercialization of university research products. Procedia Econ Finance 37(8):93–99Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Cahill C, Palcic D, Reeves E (2017) Commercialization and airport performance: the case of Ireland’s DAA. J Air Transp Manage 59(2):155–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Etzkowitz H, Leydesdorff L (2000) The dynamics of innovation: from national systems and “mode 2” to a triple helix of university–industry–government relations. Res Policy 29(2):109–123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Weckowska, D.M. (2015). Learning in university technology transfer offices: transactions-focused and relations-focused approaches to commercialization of academic research. Technovation 41 & 42:62–74 Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Nelson AJ (2014) From the ivory tower to the startup garage: organizational context and commercialization processes. Res Policy 43(7):1144–1156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Farhan J, Kamariah I, Nasir M (2015) A review of commercialization tools: university incubators and technology parks. Int J Econ Financial 5(1):223–228Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Shane SA (2004) Academic entrepreneurship: university spin offs and wealth creation. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UKCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Carletto C, Corral P, Guelfi A (2017) Agricultural commercialization and nutrition revisited: empirical evidence from three African countries. Food Policy 67:106–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ahmad NH, Halim HA, Ramayah T, Popa S, Papa A (2018) The ecosystem of entrepreneurial university: the case of higher education in a developing country. Int J Technol Manage 78(1–2):52–69CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Clayton P, Feldman M, Lowe N (2018) Behind the scenes: intermediary organizations that facilitate science commercialization through entrepreneurship. Acad Manage Perspect 32(1):104–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Belitski M, Heron K (2017) Expanding entrepreneurship education ecosystems. J Manage Dev 36(2):163–177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Salamzadeh A, Kawamorita Kesim H (2017) The enterprising communities and startup ecosystem in Iran. J Enterprising Communities People Places Global Econ 11(4):456–479CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Herrera F, Guerrero M, Urbano D (2018) Entrepreneurship and innovation ecosystem’s drivers: the role of higher education organizations. In: Entrepreneurial, innovative and sustainable ecosystems, pp 109–128. Springer, ChamGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Cooper RG (1983) A process model for industrial new product development. IEEE Trans Eng Manage 1:2–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    O’Rourke D (2005) Market movements: Nongovernmental organization strategies to influence global production and consumption. J Ind Ecol 9:115–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Karlsson M (2004) Commercialization of research results in the United States–an overview of federal and academic technology transfer: ITPS, Swedish Institute for Growth Policy StudiesGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Bandarian R (2007) Evaluation of commercial potential of a new technology at the early stage of development with fuzzy logic. J Technol Manage Innovation 2(4):73–85Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Christian RR (2009) Concepts of ecosystem, level and scale. Ecology I:34Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Durst S, Poutanen P (2013) Success factors of innovation ecosystems: a literature review. In: Smeds R, Irrmann O (eds) CO-CREATE 2013: the boundary-crossing conference on co-design in innovation, pp 27–38Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    O’Shea RP, Allen TJ, Chevalier A, Roche F (2005) Entrepreneurial orientation, technology transfer and spinoff performance of U.S. Universities. Res Policy 34(12):994–1009CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Acs ZJ, Autio E, Szerb L (2014) National systems of entrepreneurship: measurement issues and policy implications. Res Policy 43(3):476–494CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Feldman M, Francis J, Bercovitz J (2005) Creating a cluster while building a firm: Entrepreneurs and the formation of industrial clusters. Reg Stud 39(1):129–141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Rong K, Wu J, Shi Y, Guo L (2015) Nurturing business ecosystems for growth in a foreign market: incubating, identifying and integrating stakeholders. J Int Manage 21(4):293–308Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Yin RK (2003) Case study research: design and methods, 3rd edn. Sage, Thousand Oaks, CAGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Baxter P, Jack S (2008) Qualitative case study methodology: Study design and implementation for novice researchers. Qual Rep 13(4):544–559Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Attride-Stirling J (2001) Thematic networks: an analytic tool for qualitative research. Qual Res 1(3):385–405CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Braun V, Clarke V (2006) Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qual Res Psychol 3(2):77–101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Sadiqi Shahmirzadi S, Adli F (2010) The relationship between higher education and the entrepreneurship spirituality of students. Educ Instruction 7(22):73–90.(in Persian)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Creswell JW (2013) Research design: qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. Sage publicationsGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Cummings JL, Teng B (2003) Transferring R&D knowledge: the key factors affecting knowledge transfer success. J Eng Technol Manage 20:39–68Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Farasatkhah M (2012) University and higher education, worldviews and issues of Iran, Tehran. (in Persian)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Lynch J (2006) It’s not easy being interdisciplinary. Int J Epidemiol 35(5):1119–1122.  https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyl200MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Parand K, Nirmandeh, Pourandokht, Faraji Ermaki, Akbar Alizadeh, Abolfazl Ahdiyeh, Narges (2011) The proposed framework for students’ learning and empowerment with a merit-oriented approach. In: The first international conference on the industry and exports of Iran. (in Persian)Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Etzkowitz H (2002) Incubation of incubators: innovation as a triple helix of university-industry-government networks. Sci Public Policy 29(2):115–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Luthans F, Stajkovic A, Ibrayera E (2000) Enviormental and psychological callenges fading entrepreneuriral development in transitional economic. J World Bus 35(1):95–110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Jin Z (2011) Global technological change: from hard technology to soft technology. Intellect BooksGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Zahiri M (2007) Developing entrepreneurship in medical science universities. J Employ Entrepreneurship 5(17):9–20.(in Persian)Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Etzkowitz H (1998) The norms of entrepreneurial science: cognitive effects of the new university–industry linkages. Res Policy 27(8):823–833CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Khalidi H, Agahi H (2008) The role of university in entrepreneurship education. A collection of articles on entrepreneurship development conference in applied agricultural science education. Publication of Applied Higher Education Institution, Jihad Agriculture, Winter 2008, pp 489–480. (in Persian)Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Schotter A, Bontis N (2009) Intra-organizational knowledge exchange: an examination of reverse capability transfer in multinational corporations. J Intellectual Capital 10(1):149–164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Carneiro A (2001) The role of intelligent resources in knowledge management. J Knowl Manage 5(4):358–367CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Bardach E (2011) A practical guide for policy analysis: the eightfold path to more effective problem solving. Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA. ISBN 9781608718429Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Kutinlahti P (2006) Universities approaching market: intertwining scientific and entrepreneurial goals. Retrieved from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.632.8479&rep=rep1&type=pdf

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohsen Sepahi
    • 1
  • Ghasem Salimi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Vahid Sohrabpour
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Educational Administration and PlanningShiraz UniversityShirazIran
  2. 2.Copenhagen Business SchoolCopenhagenDenmark

Personalised recommendations