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Recent Advancements in Mycodegradation of Lignocellulosic Biomass for Bioethanol Production

  • Divya Kumari
  • Barkha SinghalEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Fungal Biology book series (FUNGBIO)

Abstract

The past decade has witnessed the prolific growth in bioethanol production from various lignocellulosic biomasses. The dynamic utilization of bioethanol in transportation, electricity, heat and power generation leads to fascination towards continuing research for the improvement in bioethanol productivity. The rigorous four processing steps including pretreatment, saccharification, enzymatic hydrolysis, fermentation confer the process technology more costly for their sustainable utilization. Therefore, comprehensive research efforts have been undertaken for utilizing various fungi for integrating the difficult processing steps in a single fermentation vessel for improving the productivity of bioethanol. The advent of “omic” and synthetic biology approaches revolutionize the bioethanol production by engineering various conventional and non-conventional yeast systems as well as other groups of fungi. Therefore, this chapter emphasized the role of mycodegradation of lignocellulosic biomass and their conversion into bioethanol. The current molecular implications for engineering various fungi for enhanced productivity of bioethanol in terms of stress tolerance, ethanol tolerance, and wider substrate utilization has been reviewed and simultaneously posits various technological hurdles and future research priorities in the production of second-generation bioethanol.

Keywords

Bioenergy Bioethanol Consolidated bioprocessing Distillation Fermentation Enzymatic hydrolysis Lignocellulosic biomass Mycodegradation 

Abbreviations

CBH

Cellobiohydrolases

CBP

Consolidated bioprocessing

CELF

Co-solvent enhanced lignocellulosic fermentation

COSLIF

Co-solvent-based lignocellulosic fractionation

CRISPR

Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats

DMC

Direct microbial conversion

EA

Extractive ammonia

GEMs

Genome-scale metabolic models

GVL

Gamma valerolactone

LPMOs

Lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases

MSW

Municipal solid waste

MTBE

Methyl tertiary butyl ether

NADH

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) + hydrogen (H)

PGASO

Promoter-based gene assembly and simultaneous overexpression

SHF

Separate hydrolysis and fermentation

SPORL

Sulfite pretreatment to overcome recalcitrance of lignocellulose

SSCF

Simultaneous saccharification and co-fermentation

SSF

Simultaneous saccharification and fermentation

TEF

Translational elongation factor

USA

United States of America

Notes

Acknowledgement

The authors are extremely grateful for Gautam Buddha University for providing all necessary facilities and support for writing this chapter. All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Biotechnology, Gautam Buddha UniversityGreater NoidaIndia

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