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Fungal Diversity and Enzymes Involved in Lignin Degradation

  • Harit Jha
Chapter
Part of the Fungal Biology book series (FUNGBIO)

Abstract

Lignin is a polyphenolic compound found in the plant secondary cell wall. It provides mechanical strength and protection from pathogens. Lignin is an abundant organic compound, and it is, however, an impediment in carbon cycle. Lignin is also an unwanted byproduct in pulp and paper industry. It may be degraded under specific conditions by certain microorganisms including fungi and some bacteria. The biodegradation of lignin is mostly in aerobic conditions and is performed by a consortium of enzymes, mostly monooxygenase and dioxygenases. The well-known enzymes include lignin peroxidase, manganese peroxidase and laccase involved in direct degradation and glucose oxidase, glyoxal oxidase, catalase, superoxide dismutase, etc. as supportive enzymes. The biodegradation of lignin removes lignin from plant providing cellulose for paper industry. Lignin biodegradation generates several value-added products, viz. vanillin, catechol, etc. Lignin and its products also have various industrial and therapeutic applications. The understanding, optimization and scale-up of the ligninolytic enzyme system may provide new vistas for optimal utilization of the lignin to create desirable value-added products.

Keywords

Lignin Biodegradation Lignin peroxidase Manganese peroxidase Laccase 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harit Jha
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologyGuru Ghasidas VishwavidyalayaBilaspurIndia

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