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Myco-Nanotechnological Approach for Improved Degradation of Lignocellulosic Waste: Its Future Aspect

  • Abhishek K. Bhardwaj
  • Manish Kumar Gupta
  • R. Naraian
Chapter
Part of the Fungal Biology book series (FUNGBIO)

Abstract

Simultaneous increasing in household and agricultural waste is directly proportional to rising population and development of society. Similarly high demand of sustainable energy and materials requires improvements in renewable energy production technology to meet the global demands. From the last few decades, scientists are consistently attempting for improved conversion of voluminous complex lignocellulosic biomass into simpler C5 and C6 sugars, which can be further converted into different valuable products using biochemical and physicochemical routes. However, complex properties of lignocelluloses, their recalcitrant nature to degradation and non-economical availability of enzymes can promote towards transformation using engineered nanoparticles (NPs) as a nanocarrier. The nanosupport immobilized lignolytic enzymes have emerged as an eco-friendly sustainable technology to resolve above issues. This chapter deals the role of different NPs immobilized enzymes in improvement of enzyme stability, activity, reusability, recovery, and lignocellulose conversion ability in different fuels, materials, and value-added chemicals. These practices may reduce fuel cost, adverse effect of fossil fuel, and global pollutions.

Keywords

Nanoparticles Cellulase Nanosupports Bioconversion Lignocellulose 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abhishek K. Bhardwaj
    • 1
  • Manish Kumar Gupta
    • 2
  • R. Naraian
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of ScienceVeer Bahadur Singh Purvanchal UniversityJaunpurIndia
  2. 2.Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of ScienceVeer Bahadur Singh Purvanchal UniversityJaunpurIndia

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