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Multiple Factors Influencing the Strategy of Lignin Mycodegradation

  • Gautam Anand
  • Sangeeta Yadav
  • Dinesh Yadav
Chapter
Part of the Fungal Biology book series (FUNGBIO)

Abstract

Lignin is the most abundant aromatic compound and second to cellulose as the most abundant source of carbon on earth. It is synthesized in vascular plant cells by combination of three basic hydroxycinnamoyl alcohol or monolignols. Lignin degradation by microorganisms is restricted by the fact that the polymer is extremely large and highly branched, ligninolytic mechanisms must be extracellular. Also, its structure lacks any hydrolyzable linkage which indicates that degrading enzymes should be oxidative in nature. Wood-rot basidiomycetes are most efficient organisms for lignin degradation in nature. They secrete large number of extracellular enzymes such as laccases and peroxidases which can degrade lignin through low molecular weight-free radicals such as OH, depolymerize the phenolic and non-phenolic lignin polymer, and mineralize the insoluble lignin. Lignin degradation is not only an important part of carbon cycle but also has a potential application in environment friendly technologies for the pulp and paper industry and for the treatment of many xenobiotic compounds, stains, and dyes.

Keywords

Fungi Lignin Laccase Peroxidase Mycodegradation 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gautam Anand
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sangeeta Yadav
    • 2
  • Dinesh Yadav
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Plant Pathology and MicrobiologyRobert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, Hebrew University of JerusalemRehovotIsrael
  2. 2.Department of BiotechnologyD.D.U. Gorakhpur UniversityGorakhpurIndia

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