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Valuing Social Costs and Benefits of Multiple Uses of Urban Wetlands: The Case of Nature Park, Kolkata

  • Debarpita BanerjeeEmail author
  • Sumana BandyopadhyayEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Contemporary South Asian Studies book series (CSAS)

Abstract

Wetlands and water bodies are important elements of Kolkata’s landscape as they form sensitive ecological niches for both flora and fauna. These ecosystems provide numerous services and, at the same time, play an excellent role in balancing urban conservation needs in the fight against ecological degradation. The city of Kolkata has recently witnessed the loss of innumerable water bodies due to alterations in land use related to the expansion of urban areas. This has advanced the city’s need for urban blue spaces so as to serve the citizenry’s quality of life and prioritise management policies. The rapid degradation of water bodies in Kolkata has created the necessity of preserving and restoring them; this can only be effectively executed through a process of economic valuation which takes into consideration the preferences of citizens. The study focuses on the conservation of a multi-purpose urban wetland—the Mudialy Fishermen’s Cooperative Society (MFCS), popularly known as a ‘Nature Park’—and also assesses visitors’ preferences regarding conservation by using the contingent valuation method (CVM). The financing of further conservation is associated with socio-economic characteristics and citizen use trends. This approach is likely to create awareness of conservation strategies; it concludes that visitors are willing to pay for areas that offer greenery, security, recreation and proper environmental conditions.

Keywords

Wetland Ecosystem services People’s preference Economic valuation Contingent valuation method 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GeographyUniversity of CalcuttaKolkataIndia

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