Micro-Level Analysis of Road Connectivity and Its Spatial Variation in the Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC) Area

  • Sk. Mafizul HaqueEmail author
  • Md. Juber AlamEmail author
Part of the Contemporary South Asian Studies book series (CSAS)


Road network systems provide the means of movement of people and goods and, therefore, constitute one of the most important infrastructures in any geographical setting. In a leading metropolis such as Kolkata, such networks can be considered as the pivot of developmental sustainability since old networks must be improved and expanded and new ones must be built, accelerating development and ensuring long-term economic growth. The chapter examines the pattern of existing road network systems in ward areas in Kolkata with the help of a structural analysis and graph theory. It was assumed that every ward has a planar graph of the road networks. The study of any network includes an analysis of its intersections (nodes), connected links and road density at ward level; all this is used to understand its spatial variation of the road network using the Geographic Information System (GIS) techniques. The study shows that a few wards have acquiescent levels of connectivity and that most of the connectivity indices have negative relationships with population densities.


Road networks Connectivity index Graph theory Planar graph Kolkata 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GeographyUniversity of CalcuttaKolkataIndia
  2. 2.Department of GeographyAliah UniversityKolkataIndia

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