Extreme Events, Disasters, and Health Impacts in Indonesia

  • Budi HaryantoEmail author
  • Fatma Lestari
  • Triarko Nurlambang


Extreme weather events caused by climate change may destroy many components of environment and facilities, direct physical harm, loss of income, psychological stress, and other direct and indirect human health. In Indonesia, 80% of disasters due to climate change during 1998–2018 which were dominated by flooding (39%), heavy wind/storm (26%), landslides (22%), and drought (8%). In 2017, there were 2263 events, and 198 of these events are considered as health crisis. There were 305,837 person impacted and 198 deaths, major injuries 2314 person, minor injury 63,578 person and refugee 243,691 person in 2017. The estimated impacts cost to the economy is about IDR 132 trillion (approximately US $ 8.8 billion) in 2050 as the consequences.


Climate change Extreme events Disasters Health impacts Economic costs 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Budi Haryanto
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Fatma Lestari
    • 3
  • Triarko Nurlambang
    • 2
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Health, Faculty of Public HealthUniversitas IndonesiaJawa BaratIndonesia
  2. 2.Research Center for Climate ChangeUniversitas IndonesiaJawa BaratIndonesia
  3. 3.Department of Occupational Health, Faculty of Public HealthUniversitas IndonesiaJawa BaratIndonesia
  4. 4.Department of GeographyUniversitas IndonesiaJawa BaratIndonesia

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