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What Drosophila Can Teach Us About Radiation Biology of Human Cancers

  • Tin Tin SuEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 1167)

Abstract

Ionizing radiation (IR) is used to treat more than half of human cancer patients. The therapeutic effect of IR is due to its ability to induce apoptosis. Success of radiation therapy relies not only on apoptosis induction but also on whether surviving cancer cells proliferate and regenerate a tumor. Drosophila melanogaster is a premier genetic model and, relevant to radiation biology of cancer, Drosophila larvae display an amazing capacity to regenerate. IR doses that kill more than half of the cells in larval tissues still allow complete regeneration to produce an adult fly of normal size and pattern. It is by understanding not only the initial effects of IR such as DNA damage and cell death but also longer-term regenerative responses that we may manipulate and improve radiation therapy of cancer. In this regard, Drosophila offers an unparalleled model to study both types of responses.

Keywords

Drosophila Cancer Ionizing radiation Apoptosis Regeneration 

Abbreviations

AiP

Apoptosis-induced Proliferation

F1 and F2

Filial 1, Filial 2

IR

Ionizing Radiation

JAK

Janus kinase

JNK

c-Jun N-terminal Kinase

PGE2

Prostaglandin E2

ROS

Reactive Oxygen Species

STAT

Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription

Notes

Acknowledgements

TTS is supported by an NIH grant, R35 GM130374. The author thanks Corrie Detweiler and Barbara Frederick for critical reading of the manuscript.

Conflict of Interest

The author owns equity in SuviCa, Inc.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology 347 UCBUniversity of ColoradoBoulderUSA
  2. 2.University of Colorado Comprehensive Cancer CenterAuroraUSA

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