Advertisement

Citizen’s Basic Income in Brazil: From Bolsa Família to Pilot Experiments, with an Appendix: From Local to National: Mexico City and Basic Income, by Pablo Yanes

  • Maria Ozanira da Silva e Silva
  • Valéria Ferreira Santos de Almada Lima
Chapter
Part of the Exploring the Basic Income Guarantee book series (BIG)

Abstract

Silva and Lima discuss the Bolsa Família, a national targeted income transfer programme, intended as a first step towards a ‘Citizenship Basic Income’ (defined as a Basic Income sufficient for basic needs). They also describe pilot experiments in four municipalities across Brazil. They conclude that some of the characteristics of the experiments conflict with the definition of Basic Income, and that the experiments are limited, both in the size of the populations covered, and in the monetary value of the benefits. In the appendix, Yanes describes the implementation of an unconditional pension in Mexico, first in Mexico City, and now nationwide; and he recounts debates in the Mexico City Council that nearly resulted in a Basic Income appearing in the city’s constitution.

References

  1. Brancaglio, M. V., & Pereira, B. A. (2012). Relatório Analítico da Experiência de Renda Básica Garantida em Quatingua Velho [Analytic report on guaranteed basic income in Quatinga Velho]. Instituto ReCivitas. https://www.recivitas.org/projects. Accessed 5 Feb 2018.
  2. Constituição da República Federativa do Brasil de 1988. (1988). Constitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil of 1988. Brasília, DF. http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/constituicao/constituicaocompilado.htm. Accessed 11 Feb 2018.
  3. Lei nº 10.835, de 8 de janeiro de 2004. (2004). Institui a renda básica de cidadania e dá outras providências. Law nº 10,835 of January 8, 2004. Federal Official Gazette. Diário Oficial da União. http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/_ato2004-2006/2004/lei/l10.835.htm. Accessed 11 Feb 2018.
  4. Mexico City. (2017). Mexico City Constitution Project.Google Scholar
  5. Ministério da Cidadania. (2016). Relatórios de Informações Sociais (Reports on Social Information). Brasília, DF. https://aplicacoes.mds.gov.br/sagi/RIv3/geral/index.php. Accessed 19 Oct 2018.
  6. Ministério da Cidadania. (2018). Benefícios. (Benefits). Brasília, DF. www.mds.gov.br. Accessed 19 Oct 2018.
  7. Santos, W. G. dos. (1987). Cidadania e justiça: Política social na ordem brasileira [Citizenship and justice: Social policy in the Brazilian order] (2nd ed.). Rio de Janeiro: Campus.Google Scholar
  8. Silva, M. O. da S. e. (2012). The Bolsa Família and social protection in Brazil: Problematizing the conditionalities as limits for the implementation of the Citizenship Basic Income. Paper presented at the 14th Congress of the Basic Income Earth Network, in Munich, Germany.Google Scholar
  9. Silva, M. O. da S. e. (2014). The conditionalities of the Bolsa Família: Its conservative face and limitations to implement the Citizenship Basic Income in Brazil. Paper presented at the 15th Congress of the Basic Income Earth Network, in Montreal, Canada.Google Scholar
  10. Silva, M. O. da S. e. (2016a). Bolsa Família: Benefícios monetários e não monetários [Bolsa Família: monetary and non-monetary benefits]. In M. O. da S. e Silva (Coordinator). O Bolsa Família: Verso e reverso [Bolsa Família: Front and back] (pp. 83–100). São Paulo: Cortez.Google Scholar
  11. Silva, M. O. da S. e. (2016b). Focalização x universalização no Bolsa Família [Focalisation x universalisation in the Bolsa Família]. In M. O. da S. e Silva (Coordinator), O Bolsa Família: verso e reverso [Bolsa Família: front and back] (pp. 55–66). São Paulo: Cortez.Google Scholar
  12. Silva, M.O. da S. e. (2016c). The Bolsa Família program in the context of social protection in Brazil: A debate on central issues: Focus and impact on poverty. In J. Drolet (Ed.), Social development and social work perspectives on social protection (pp. 145–174). Routledge: London and New York.Google Scholar
  13. Silva, M. O. da S. e, Guilhon, M. V. M., & Lima, V. F. S. de A. (2013). As condicionalidades e o índice de gestão descentralizada (IGD) enquanto dimensões centrais do Bolsa Família (BF): Uma incursão na realidade do programa no Maranhão [The conditionalities and decentralised management index (DMI) as central dimensions of the Bolsa Família]. Cadernos de Pesquisa, 1(1). www.gaepp.ufma.br. Accessed 20 May 2017.
  14. Silva, M. O. da S. e, & Lima, V. F. S. de A. (2017). The political and economic juncture in Brazil after the Lula and Dilma administrations: A step back in the direction of implantation of a Basic Income in Brazil. Paper presented at the 17th Congress of the Basic Income Earth Network, Lisboa, Portugal.Google Scholar
  15. Silva, M. O. da S. e, Yazbek, M. C., & Di Giovanni, G. (2014). A política social Brasileira no século XXI: A prevalência de programas de transferência de renda [The Brazilian social policy in the 21st century: The prevalence of income transfer programs] (7th ed.). São Paulo: Cortez.Google Scholar
  16. Standing, G. (2017). Basic Income and how we can make it happen. London: Pelican.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Ozanira da Silva e Silva
    • 1
  • Valéria Ferreira Santos de Almada Lima
    • 1
  1. 1.Federal University of MaranhãoSão LuísBrazil

Personalised recommendations