Head and Neck

  • Rajesh Gupta
  • Dilip Patel


  1. 1.
    Retrobulbar block:
    1. (a)

      In itself is sufficient for intraocular surgery.

    2. (b)

      Large volume is required as compared to peribulbar approach.

    3. (c)

      Sensation to the eye is through the ophthalmic nerve.

    4. (d)

      The gaze should be fixed “up and in” for optimum block.

    5. (e)

      Retrobulbar hematoma is an immediate complication.


Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rajesh Gupta
    • 1
  • Dilip Patel
    • 2
  1. 1.Anaesthesia and Pain MedicineFrimley Park Hospital, Frimley Health Foundation Trust Anaesthesia and Pain MedicineLondonUK
  2. 2.Department of AnaesthesiaRoyal Free HospitalLondonUK

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