• Esther Mukewa Lisanza
  • Leonard Muaka


African languages and cultures have survived colonialism and they continue to thrive in the twenty-first century. African languages are playing a great role in daily communication, in education, literature, music, film, etc. We encourage upcoming scholars/activists of African cultures and literatures to disseminate knowledge in African languages. This will enable the marginalized communities in Africa to take part in cultural production and national development. We recommend that these languages be made more visible in society. Language policies must stipulate clearly the role of all languages in each country. The domains of African languages (especially minority & regional languages) have to be expanded in order for them to meet the twenty-first-century challenges.


Language empowerment Ngaahika Ndeenda Cultural production Kamiriithu Kenyan Constitution 


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  3. Prah, K. K. (2000). Mother tongue for scientific and technological development in Africa. Cape Town, South Africa: Centre for Advanced Studies of African Society.Google Scholar
  4. Republic of Kenya. (2010). Constitution of Kenya. Nairobi: National Council for Law Reporting.Google Scholar
  5. wa Thiong’o, N. (1986). Decolonising the mind: The politics of language in African literature. Nairobi: East African Educational Publishers.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Esther Mukewa Lisanza
    • 1
  • Leonard Muaka
    • 2
  1. 1.Howard UniversityWashingtonUSA
  2. 2.Department of World Languages and CulturesHoward UniversityWashingtonUSA

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