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Hyacinth Bean (Lablab purpureus L. Sweet): Genetics, Breeding and Genomics

  • Panichayil V. Vaijayanthi
  • Chandrakant
  • Sampangi Ramesh
Chapter

Abstract

Hyacinth bean (Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet) is widely distributed in the Indian subcontinent, Africa and Southeast Asia. It is a multipurpose tropical legume valued as a vegetable, pulse, fodder and green manure crop. Despite a wide range of adaptability and diversity, it remains an underutilized crop. Broadening the genetic base and enhancing crop cultivar diversity is the key to sustainable production of hyacinth bean. Development of purelines through pedigree breeding is the preferred method of breeding in the hyacinth bean, as in other grain legume crops. Screening of germplasm resources, identification of trait-specific material and their use in breeding could be a long-term strategy to addressing various existing and anticipated production constraints. With the advent of molecular marker/omic technology, the pace and efficiency of hyacinth bean breeding has attained considerable momentum. DNA marker-assisted diversity analysis, chromosomal localization and unraveling of the mode of action of genes controlling traits of economic importance, tagging genomic regions controlling economic traits etc., will complement phenotype-based selection and breeding. Furthermore, deployment of various genomic tools will help in introgression of superior alleles into elite agronomic backgrounds and hence sustainable production of hyacinth bean.

Keywords

Core set Diversity Field bean Germplasm Lablab Legume 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Panichayil V. Vaijayanthi
    • 1
  • Chandrakant
    • 1
  • Sampangi Ramesh
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Genetics and Plant BreedingUAS, GKVKBangaloreIndia

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