Legislators and Judges

  • Virgilio Zapatero Gómez
Part of the Legisprudence Library book series (LEGIS, volume 6)


The great attention devoted to the theory of judicial argumentation contrasts with the scant interest that the theory of legislation awakes. It is a sign of the times that reveals the growing protagonism of the judiciary. But once a theory of legal interpretation is disassociated from the theory of legislation, it somehow loses its foundation and even runs the risk of drowning in arbitrariness. Because any theory of interpretation of the law that intends to be seriously prescriptive in a modern Rechtsstaat, must be explicitly based on a theory of democracy; it must be firmly anchored in a clear and accepted definition of the functions of legislators and judges, in other words, of the relations between parliaments and courts.


Legal interpretation theory Legislation theory Judges Legislators Fidelity to laws Rule of law 


  1. Aarnio A (1991) Lo racional como razonable. Centro de Estudios Constitucionales, MadridGoogle Scholar
  2. Abrahamson S, Hughes RL (1991) Shall we dance? Steps for legislators and judges in statutory interpretation. Minn Law Rev 75:1045–1093Google Scholar
  3. Aleinikoff T (1988) Updating statutory interpretation. Mich Law Rev 87(1):20–66CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Barcellona P (1976) El Estado y los juristas. Fontanella, BarcelonaGoogle Scholar
  5. Breyer S (1991/1992) On the uses of legislative history in interpreting statutes. S Cal Law Rev 65:845–874Google Scholar
  6. Brisbin R (1997) Justice Antonin Scalia and the conservative revival. John Hopkins University Press, BaltimoreGoogle Scholar
  7. Calabresi G (1982) A common law for the age of statutes. Harvard University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  8. Dworkin R (1986) Law’s empire. Fontana Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  9. Easterbrook FH (1983a) Statutes’ domains. Univ Chic Law Rev 50(2):533–552CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Easterbrook FH (1983b) The court and the economic system. Harv Law Rev 98(1):4–60Google Scholar
  11. Easterbrook FH (1984) Legal interpretation and the power of the judiciary. Harv J Law Policy 7:87–99Google Scholar
  12. Easterbrook FH (1988) The role of original intent in statutory construction. Harv J Law Policy 11:59–66Google Scholar
  13. Ekins R (2012) The nature of legislative intent. Oxford University Press, OxfordCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Eskridge WN Jr (1987) Dynamic statutory interpretation. Univ Pa Law Rev 135:1479–1555CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Eskridge WN Jr (1989) Public values in statutory interpretation. Univ Pa Law Rev 137:1007–1104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Eskridge WN Jr (1991) Overriding the Supreme Court’s statutory interpretation decisions. Yale Law J 101:335–423CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Eskridge WN Jr, Frickey P (1987) Legislation scholarship and pedagogy in the post-legal process. Univ Pitt Law Rev 48:691–731Google Scholar
  18. Ferrajoli L (1973) Magistratura democratica e l’esercizio alternativo de la funziolne giudiziaria. In: L’Uso alternativo del diritto. Laterza, Roma-BariGoogle Scholar
  19. Franck MJ (1996) Against the imperial judiciary: the Supreme Court vs. the Sovereignity of the People. University Press of Kansas, LawrenceGoogle Scholar
  20. Frank J (1949) Courts on trial. Myth and reality in American justice. Princeton University Press, PrincetonGoogle Scholar
  21. Frieling T (2017) Gesetzesmaterialien und Wille des Gesetzgebers. Mohr Siebeck, TübingenCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Geny F (2000) Método de interpretación y Fuentes del derecho Privado Positivo [1899]. Granada, ComaresGoogle Scholar
  23. Gluck AR, Schultz Bressman L (2013) Statutory interpretation from the inside—an empirical study of congressional drafting, delegation, and the canons: part I. Stan Law Rev 65(5):901–1026Google Scholar
  24. Gluck AR, Schultz Bressman L (2014) Statutory interpretation from the inside—an empirical study of congressional drafting, delegation, and the canons: part II. Stan Law Rev 66(4):725–802Google Scholar
  25. Hart HLA (1968) El concepto de derecho. Abeledo Perrot, Buenos Aires. [The concept of law. Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1961]Google Scholar
  26. Hart HM, Sacks AM (1958) The legal process: basic problems in the making and application of law. Tentative ed, Cambridge (MA) [Foundation Press, Westbury, 1994]Google Scholar
  27. Kantorowicz H (1949) La lucha por la Ciencia del Derecho [1906]. Losada, Buenos AiresGoogle Scholar
  28. Katzmann RS (ed) (1988) Judges and legislators: towards institucional comity. The Brookings Institution, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  29. Katzmann RS (1992) Bridging the Statutory Gulf between Courts and Congress: a challenge for positive political theory. Geo Law Rev 80:656–670Google Scholar
  30. Laporta F (2008) El imperio de la ley. Una visión actual. Trotta, MadridGoogle Scholar
  31. López Calera N et al (1978) Sobre el uso alternativo del Derecho. F. Torres, ValenciaGoogle Scholar
  32. Macey JR (1986) Promoting public-regarding legislation through statutory interpretation: an interest group theory. Colum Law Rev 86(2):223–268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Mikva A (1987) Reading and writing statutes. Univ Pitt Law Rev 48:627–637Google Scholar
  34. Minow M (1990) Making all the difference: inclusion, exclusion and American law. Cornell University Press, IthacaGoogle Scholar
  35. Nourse V (2016) Misreading law, misreading democracy. Harvard University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Pocock JGA (1975) The Machiavellian moment: florentine political thought and the Atlantic Republican Tradition. Princeton University Press, Princeton. [El momento maquiavélico. Tecnos, Madrid, 2002]Google Scholar
  37. Posner R (1983) Statutory interpretation in the classroom and in the courtroom. Univ Chic Law Rev 50:800–822CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Rosen A (2017) Statutory interpretation and the many virtues of legislation. Oxf J Leg Stud 37(1):134–162Google Scholar
  39. Rubin EL (1991) Beyond public choice: comprehensive rationality in the writing and reading of statutes. N Y Univ Law Rev 66:1–65Google Scholar
  40. Scalia A (1997) A matter of interpretation: federal courts and the law. Princenton University Press, PrincetonGoogle Scholar
  41. Schachter JS (1995) Metademocracy: the changing structure of legitimacy in statutory interpretation. Harv Law Rev 108:595–663Google Scholar
  42. Sherry S (1986) Civic virtue and the femenine voice in constitutional adjudication. Vand Law Rev 72:543–616CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Sunstein CR (1989) Interpreting statutes in the regulatory state. Harv Law Rev 103:408–505CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Sunstein CR (1990) After the rights revolution. Reconceiving the regulatory state. Harvard University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  45. Twining W, Miers D (1991) How to do things with rules, 3rd edn. Weidenfeld & Nicholson, LondonGoogle Scholar
  46. Waldron J (1999) The dignity of legislation. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Yale Law Journal (1988) The Republican Civic Tradition (symposium). Yale Law J 97:1493–1851CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Virgilio Zapatero Gómez
    • 1
  1. 1.Facultad de DerechoUniversidad de Alcalá de HenaresAlcalá de HenaresSpain

Personalised recommendations