Government and Parliament

  • Virgilio Zapatero Gómez
Part of the Legisprudence Library book series (LEGIS, volume 6)


Once the preparation phase of the legislative draft has been examined, the respective lawmaking role of governments and parliaments must be studied. To this end, and drawing on the example of the Spanish system, we analyse the way electoral programs and government programs determine the genesis of new norms. The result of such analysis shows that most of the bills are not foreseen in electoral programs but are the result of a response to problems that arise in society. Parliament for its part cannot lose itself in technical debates about the law, but should concentrate rather on political issues: the clarification before the citizens of the objectives of the policy pursued with the bill, the examination of the practicability of the new norm, whether the opinion of those who have to apply it, judges and courts, and those obliged by it, the citizens, has been taken into account, and whether both the costs and the benefits of the new norm have been correctly established. The performance of these functions is crucial to the legislative process and requires that parliaments be provided with the necessary resources and, where appropriate, with their own Public Policy Evaluation Office.


Legislative drafting and government Parliament Electoral programs Government agenda Genesis of norms 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Virgilio Zapatero Gómez
    • 1
  1. 1.Facultad de DerechoUniversidad de Alcalá de HenaresAlcalá de HenaresSpain

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