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Coccidioidal Arthritis

  • Andrés Felipe Echeverri
Chapter

Abstract

Coccidioidomycosis is caused in humans by the dimorphic fungi Coccidioides immitis and Coccidioides posadasii, which are distributed in dry and hot areas with low levels of rainfall, such as the southwestern United States and some areas of Mexico and South America. Coccidioidomycosis, also known as San Joaquin Fever or Valley Fever, is a true concern in patients from endemic areas and is responsible for up to 30% of the cases of community-acquired pneumonia in these populations.

Patients with immunosuppression (rheumatic diseases, transplantation, and oncologic treatments), VIH, diabetes, pregnancy, and certain ethnic groups have a greater risk of severe disseminated infection. New aspects about epidemiology, pathophysiology, and disseminated infection with emphasis on musculoskeletal involvement, diagnostic techniques, and treatment are discussed in this chapter.

Keywords

Fungal infection Coccidioidomycosis Valley fever Desert rheumatism Coccidioidomycosis Coccidioidal arthritis Fluconazole Itraconazole Amphotericin B Fungal pneumonia Coccidioidal meningitis 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrés Felipe Echeverri
    • 1
  1. 1.Internal Medicine, Rheumatology, Hospital Pablo Tobón UribeMedellinColombia

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