Developing Virtual Labs in Fluid Mechanics with UG Students’ Involvement

  • C. SivapragasamEmail author
  • B. Archana
  • G. C. Rithuchristy
  • A. Aswitha
  • S. Vanitha
  • P. Saravanan
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems book series (LNNS, volume 80)


Although there are mixed opinion upon the advantages and disadvantages associated with the use of virtual labs, they are still increasingly being adopted by institutions for their curricular teaching. In this study an attempt is made wherein the undergraduate students are made to directly involve in creating virtual lab using the LabVIEW platform. To the authors’ knowledge this is one of the first attempts in the country. The virtual labs are created for tracking the profile of the jet trajectory from an orifice fitted in a tank and for drawing of flownet for a given velocity potential stream function as a part of experiments in fluid mechanics of civil engineering curriculum at undergraduate level. The response of the students indicate that the experience gained by involving in creation of virtual lab gives them a better understanding of the advantages and disadvantages associated and builds confidence in using them.


Virtual lab Jet trajectory Flownet Fluid mechanics 



The authors wish to thank the coordinators of National Instruments (NI) lab in the institute for their support in the successful implementation of this work.


  1. 1.
    Daineko, Y., Dmitriyev, V., Ipalakova, M.: Using virtual laboratories in teaching natural sciences: an example of physics courses in university, pp. 39–47 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ayas, M.S., Altas, I.H.: A virtual laboratory for system simulation and control with undergraduate curriculum, pp. 122–130 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gao, Z., Liu, S., Ji, M., Liang, L.: Virtual hydraulic experiments in courseware: 2D virtual circuits and 3D virtual equipments, pp. 315–326 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ribando, R.J., Coyne, K.A., O’Leary, G.W.: Teaching module for laminar and turbulent forced convection on a flat plate, pp. 115–125 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Sivapragasam, C., Deepak, M., Vanitha, S.: Experiments in Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machinery. Lambert Academic Publishing (2016)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Streeter, V.L., Whlie, E.B.: Fluid Mechanics. McGraw Hill, New York (1983)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Rama, D.D.: Fluid Mechanics and Machinery, 1st edn, reprint. New Age International Publishers, New Delhi (2006)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Sivapragasam
    • 1
    Email author
  • B. Archana
    • 1
  • G. C. Rithuchristy
    • 1
  • A. Aswitha
    • 2
  • S. Vanitha
    • 1
  • P. Saravanan
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Water Technology, Department of Civil EngineeringKalasalingam Academy of Research and Education (Deemed to be University)Krishnankoil, Virudhunagar (District)India
  2. 2.Department of Chemical EngineeringKalasalingam Academy of Research and Education (Deemed to be University)Krishnankoil, Virudhunagar (District)India

Personalised recommendations