Advertisement

Self Optimizing Drip Irrigation System Using Data Acquisition and Virtual Instrumentation to Enhance the Usage of Irrigation Water

  • R. Raj Kumar
  • K. Sriram
  • I. Surya NarayananEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems book series (LNNS, volume 80)

Abstract

Water scarcity is one of the major issues that make the farmers to spend more for the efficient irrigation for their farmlands. The government needs to pay compensation cost in millions to the farmers during drought season. Utmost care should be taken for the effective utilization of the available water source in present situation. The effective way of irrigation that had been introduced in near decade is the Drip Irrigation System (DIS). The wastage of water to irrigate crops and plants in the agricultural fields are reduced to 60–70% at the maximum but, there is approximately 30–40% of water being not properly utilized. Further, an idea is needed to maximize the utilization and to reduce the wastage of water in drip irrigation. The Actual water flow through drip irrigation is 4 gph. The proposed idea consists of Earth Electrodes, NI-DAQ 6009, Relay Module, Solenoid valve and aims to reduce the water wastage which is approximately 2 gph while irrigating plants in existing drip irrigation system. So, the optimization made in this proposal idea will help the farmers in water conservation and effective utilization of water.

Keywords

Drip irrigation Earth resistance NI-DAQ 6009 Water conservation 

References

  1. 1.
    Giordano, M., Turral, H., Scheierling, S.M., Tréguer, D.O., McCornick, P.G.: Beyond More Crop per Drop: Evolving Thinking on Agricultural Water Productivity. IWMI Research Report-169 (2016)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Viswanath, S.: How Much Water an Urban Need? The Hindu-Feb 15 (2013)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    International Water Management Institute (IWMI). IWMI Annual Report (2017)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Suresh Kumar, D., Palanisamy, K.: Impact of Drip Irrigation system on Farming system: Evidence from South India. Management, Performance and Applications of Micro Irrigation Systems (Chap. 2) (2016)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Tamil Nadu Agricultural University. Drip irrigation methodology and statistical data on water consumption. TNAU http://www.tnau.ac.in/agritechportal
  6. 6.
    Information gathered from interviewing Mr. Iyappan N., a farmer in Mulanur and his subordinate farmers about “Drip Irrigation”Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Tamil Nadu State Government, “TNAU drought survey 2016”, TNAU portalGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Karagiannis, G., Tzouvelekas, V., Xepapadeas, A.: Measuring irrigation water efficiency with a stochastic production. Front. Environ. Resource Econ. 26(1), 57–72 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Dawalibi, F.P., Ma, J., Southey, R.D.: Behaviour of grounding systems in multilayer soils: a parameter analysis. IEEE Trans. Power Delivery 9(1), 334–342 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    User Manual for DAQ 6008/6009 Series, 2015 issued by National InstrumentsGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EIEKongu Engineering CollegeErodeIndia

Personalised recommendations