Immersive Learning in the Wild: A Progress Report

  • Alexander KlippelEmail author
  • Danielle Oprean
  • Jiayan Zhao
  • Jan Oliver Wallgrün
  • Peter LaFemina
  • Kathy Jackson
  • Elise Gowen
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 1044)


Immersive technologies have entered the mainstream. To establish them firmly in educational curricula requires both practical and empirical assessments that ultimately lead to best practice and design recommendations. We report on a study that contributes to both. To enrich geoscience education, we developed an immersive virtual field trip (iVFT) that we evaluated in previous small-scale studies. In order to make it accessible to larger audiences we (a) developed a version of the iVFT for mobile devices (Oculus Go); and (b) used an evolving public VR infrastructure at The Pennsylvania State University. The results of an empirical evaluation are insightful in that they show that system characteristics are only partially predicting learning experiences and that required mainstream adoption, that is, making immersive experiences mandatory for all students in a class, still has its challenges. We discuss the results and future developments.


Virtual field trips SENSATIUM Earth science education 



Dr. Klippel would like to acknowledge support for his contributions to this research by the National Science Foundation, grant #1526520.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexander Klippel
    • 1
    Email author
  • Danielle Oprean
    • 2
  • Jiayan Zhao
    • 1
  • Jan Oliver Wallgrün
    • 1
  • Peter LaFemina
    • 3
  • Kathy Jackson
    • 4
  • Elise Gowen
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of GeographyThe Pennsylvania State UniversityState CollegeUSA
  2. 2.School of Information Science and Learning TechnologiesUniversity of MissouriColumbiaUSA
  3. 3.Department of GeosciencesThe Pennsylvania State UniversityState CollegeUSA
  4. 4.Teaching and Learning with TechnologyThe Pennsylvania State UniversityState CollegeUSA
  5. 5.Fletcher L. Byrom Earth and Mineral Sciences LibraryThe Pennsylvania State UniversityState CollegeUSA

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