Axial Spondyloarthritis

  • Adam Berlinberg
  • Kristine A. KuhnEmail author


Spondyloarthritis is an overlapping family of inflammatory arthritides without known serologic markers that are characterized by the presence of enthesitis and new bone formation. While the majority of conditions affect the spine, peripheral joint involvement also may occur. Diagnosis involves a thorough history, physical exam, and imaging studies. Although treatment modalities are evolving, NSAIDs remain a hallmark of treatment. TNF-α inhibitors are frequently used and specific interleukin inhibitors are becoming more prevalent. Patients with spondyloarthritis require long-term monitoring and frequently require physical and occupational therapy.


Spondyloarthritis Ankylosing spondylitis Inflammatory back pain Psoriatic arthritis Enthesitis 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of RheumatologyUniversity of Colorado School of MedicineAuroraUSA

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