Guardianship (wilāya/walāya) is a key concept in Islamic theology, jurisprudence, and mysticism. Etymologically, it is derived from the etymon of ‘w l y’ and is one of the terms most frequently used in the Qurʾān, Prophetic ḥadı̄th, and sayings of the imāms. Statements of the imāms on wilāya/walāya and imamate are scattered throughout the vast body of literature, which is called “ḥadı̄th compilations”. In all these sources, wilāya and the features of awlı̄yā (from kalāmı̄ and juridical perspectives, both) are addressed. Using Quentin Skinner’s conventionalism as well as Mark Bevir’s intentionalism, the author attempts to read and analyze the key texts of the prominent Shı̄ʿı̄ scholars of the past two centuries to see how they developed their arguments for the conception of wilāya and related terms such as nubuwwa and imamate.


English Books

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Persian Books

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Arabic Books

  1. Al-Iṣfahānī, Abulqāsim al-Hossein ibn Mufaḍḍal al-Rāghib, Al-Mufradāt fī Gharīb al-Qurʾān (Terminology of the Peculiar Qurʾānīc Terms), 1413 H/1992 (Beirut and Damascus: Dār al-Qalam).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leila Chamankhah
    • 1
  1. 1.University of DaytonDaytonUSA

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