Geography of Transboundary River Basins

  • Gábor BaranyaiEmail author
Part of the Water Governance - Concepts, Methods, and Practice book series (WGCMP)


Transboundary river basins are ubiquitous around the world. Countries with no shared basins are either islands or microstates, except for the countries of the Arabian Peninsula where no permanent watercourses exist. The world’s 263 transboundary basins account for about 60% of the global river flow providing home to some 40% of the global population. Although all transboundary river basins differ, yet, based on their hydro-climatic characteristics they can be clustered into large categories that also inform about the fundamental challenges of political cooperation.


Delineation Distribution and typology of transboundary river basins 


  1. Allouche J (2005) Water nationalism: an explanation of past and present conflicts in Central Asia, the middle east and the Indian subcontinent? Ph.D. thesis No. 699, Université de Genève, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  2. Biswas A (2007) Management of transboundary waters: an overview. In: Varis O, Tortajada C, Biswas A (eds) Management of transboundary rivers and lakes. Springer, Berlin, HeidelbergGoogle Scholar
  3. Dinar S (2008) International water treaties—negotiation and cooperation along transboundary rivers. Routledge, LondonGoogle Scholar
  4. Garrick D, Anderson G, Connell D, Pittock J (eds) (2014) Federal rivers: managing water in multi-layered political systems. Edward Elgar Publishing, CheltenhamGoogle Scholar
  5. Sadoff C, Hall J, Grey D, Aerts J, Ait-Kadi M, Brown C, Cox A, Dadson S, Garrick D, Kelman J, McCornick P, Ringler C, Rosegrant M, Whittington D, Wiberg D (2015) Securing water, sustaining growth: report of the GWP/OECD task force on water security and sustainable growth. University of Oxford, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  6. Strategic Foresight Group (2015) Water cooperation quotient. Strategic Foresight Group, MumbaiGoogle Scholar
  7. UN (United Nations) (1978) Register of international rivers. Pergamon Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  8. Wolf A, Natharius J, Danielson J, Ward B, Pender J (1999) International river basins of the world. Int J Water Resour Dev 15(4):387–427CrossRefGoogle Scholar


  1. Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and Lakes, Helsinki, 17 March 1992Google Scholar
  2. Convention on the Law of Non-navigational Uses of International Watercourses, New York, 21 May 1997Google Scholar

EU Legal Acts

  1. Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policyGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Water ScienceUniversity of Public ServiceBudapestHungary

Personalised recommendations