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Water Quality Status of Croatian Surface Water Resources

  • Lidija TadićEmail author
  • Marija Šperac
  • Barbara Karleuša
  • Josip Rubinić
Chapter
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Part of the Springer Water book series (SPWA)

Abstract

The Croatian territory is divided into two big river basins. The continental part of the country belongs to the Danube River Basin, and the coastal area is part of the Adriatic Sea Basin. These two basins have completely different hydrological, topographical and geological characteristics including the vegetation cover as well. Related to their geographical diversities, pressures on water quality are also different. In the continental part of the country the main threats come from diffuse pollution of agriculture and farming. The Adriatic coast is mainly karst region vulnerable to any pollution. Besides the basic geographical characteristics, impacts on water quality depend on the significance of anthropogenic activities and sizes of catchment areas. Smaller rivers are more exposed to pollution of any kind than large rivers. Croatian lakes are also exposed to different sources of pollution. In recent time, climate change has also had some impact on water quality during periods of low discharges. Many scientific papers on surface water quality have been published during the last decades. Also, implementation of the Water Framework Directive, the Nitrate Directive, and national strategies has significantly decreased the pollution of surface waters. Much effort has been made in establishing a very extensive monitoring network together with legislation and measures to improve water quality status. Water quality is continuously improving as a result of comprehensive activities, especially the construction of sewage water treatment plants. In this chapter, the status of water quality of small rivers, large rivers and lakes in Croatia will be described.

Keywords

Water quality Small rivers Large rivers Lakes 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lidija Tadić
    • 1
    Email author
  • Marija Šperac
    • 1
  • Barbara Karleuša
    • 2
  • Josip Rubinić
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture OsijekJosip Juraj Strossmayer University of OsijekOsijekCroatia
  2. 2.Faculty of Civil EngineeringUniversity of RijekaRijekaCroatia

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