Transformation in Vernacular Architecture of Baiga Tribe of Central India
Central India has a rich tradition of vernacular architecture. The paper aims to study the transformation in vernacular architecture of the Baiga tribe. The objective is to study the materials, construction techniques and the built forms. The methodology includes a literature review and an analysis of case studies of vernacular architecture of the Baiga tribe. The discussion and findings reveal peoples’ aspirations to be modern have altered their lifestyle. These socio-cultural conditions have resulted in the different spatial organization of settlements; new building materials and construction techniques which have all impacted on the resultant built forms. Conclusions include that lessons of vernacular architecture are of benefit if they are integrated with contemporary practices through innovative and holistic design approach. The suggestions need to be incorporated in the government policies so as to retain or conserve the unique characteristics of vernacular heritage.
KeywordsTransformation Baiga tribe Policies
We are thankful to Ar. Shikha Patidar of her survey of Baiga Chak in 2005. Study conducted in Keonchi in 2015 was a part of Vernacular studio of 3rd semester B.Arch (2014–2019) at School of Planning and Architecture, Bhopal. We are thankful to HOD Architecture Dr Rachna Khare, studio coordinator Dr. Ram Sateesh and students for their drawings and photographs. We are thankful to Tribal Research Institute, Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Manav Sanghralya (IGRMS) and Bharat Bhawan from Bhopal for sharing their research and publications. Lastly to Mr. Abid Baig for drafting and composition. We are grateful to the people of Baiga Chak and Keonchi for their love and cooperation.
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