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Sports Concussion

  • Briana N. Perry
  • Kassondra Collins
  • Ellen O’Conor
  • Sharon R. Weeks
  • Jack W. TsaoEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Each year, athletes in the United States are estimated to suffer 300,000 sports concussions, often while participating in contact sports, such as football, mixed martial arts, boxing, soccer, and hockey. Concussions can have serious and long-term consequences, making a complete understanding of their causes and effects critical not only for clinical care but also for public health awareness and prevention. In this chapter, we discuss the etiology and sequelae of sports concussions, offer a summary of the guidelines on triage and treatment of these injuries, and survey the existing literature for areas of future research.

Keywords

Sports concussions Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) Treatment guidelines Return-to-play guidelines Head injury Neurological injury Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Briana N. Perry
    • 1
  • Kassondra Collins
    • 2
  • Ellen O’Conor
    • 3
  • Sharon R. Weeks
    • 4
  • Jack W. Tsao
    • 5
    • 6
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Orthopedics and RehabilitationWalter Reed National Military Medical CenterBethesdaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Health SciencesUniversity of SaskatchewanSaskatoonCanada
  3. 3.Department of NeurologyUniversity of Tennessee Health Sciences CenterMemphisUSA
  4. 4.Department of SurgeryWalter Reed National Military Medical CenterBethesdaUSA
  5. 5.Department of NeurologyUniversity of Tennessee Health Science CenterMemphisUSA
  6. 6.Children’s Foundation Research Institute, Le Bonheur Children’s HospitalMemphisUSA

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