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Cellular Neurophysiology

  • Scott Francis Davis
Chapter

Abstract

The functional cell type of the nervous system is the neuron. Neurons are cells whose function is to process and transmit information through specialized connections called synapses. Neurons are electrically excitable cells, which means they are capable of transmitting an electric current known as an action potential. Neurons communicate with each other and with muscle cells by means of action potentials. This chapter will introduce you to basic neuronal morphology as well as the electrochemical basis of neurotransmission.

Keywords

Permeability Glycine Adenosine Acetylcholine Receptor Neurotransmitter Action potential Postsynaptic potential Synapse Glutamate Neurotransmission 

Selected References

  1. Johnston D, Wu SMS. Foundations of cellular neurophysiology. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press; 1995.Google Scholar
  2. Nicholls JG. From neuron to brain. Sunderland: Sinauer Associates; 2001.Google Scholar
  3. Shepherd GM. Neurobiology: XA-GB. New York: Oxford University Press; 1994.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Scott Francis Davis
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiologyLouisiana State University School of Medicine, Tulane University School of MedicineNew OrleansUSA

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