• Matthew J. GoldschmidtEmail author
  • Justin Clemow


One of the most common facial cosmetic procedures performed is the treatment of wrinkled skin using neuromodulators. This chapter describes the pharmacology of the most commonly used neuromodulators. Also covered are the basic techniques for dealing with the aging skin, and the potential complications of these procedures.


Facial rhytids Botulinum toxin Dysport Botox Myobloc 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Cosmetic Surgery CenterIndependenceUSA
  2. 2.Case Western Reserve School of Dental Medicine, Metrohealth Medical CenterClevelandUSA

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