The aim of this chapter is to describe the process by which impacted molars may be uprighted into a functional anatomic position. The etiology of impacted molars is discussed, including systemic and local factors. Clinical evaluation and treatment considerations are then described, and the different modalities of uprighting are outlined. Treatment options include both surgical uprighting and orthodontic repositioning. While both treatments have been shown to have long-term viability, each has its advantages and disadvantages. Lastly, potential complications are discussed.
- 4.Levy I, Regan D. Impaction of maxillary permanent second molars by the third molars. J Paediatr Dent. 1989;5:31–4.Google Scholar
- 11.Ness GM. Impacted teeth. In: Miloro M, editor. Peterson’s principles of oral and maxillofacial surgery. 3rd ed. USA: People’s Medical Pub. House-USA; 2011.Google Scholar
- 20.Proffit WR. Contemporary orthodontics. St. Louis: Mosby; 1993.Google Scholar