Early Postoperative Role of Blood Flow Restriction Therapy to Avoid Muscle Atrophy

  • Stephen D. PattersonEmail author
  • Luke Hughes
  • Johnny Owens


In the early phases following surgery of the lower limb, patients experience a loss of skeletal muscle and strength which if untreated can have a negative impact on return to normal function. To date, the techniques used in the rehabilitation process may not fully maximise the potential adaptations a patient may achieve due to the levels of loading that can be achieved in the early postoperative phase. Blood flow restriction training (BFRT) is a therapy that can be used both passively and in combination with exercise (utilizing low loads), to attenuate atrophy or stimulate skeletal muscle hypertrophy and strength adaptations. This chapter outlines a progressive model for rehabilitation following surgery and sets out a step-by-step process of how to integrate BFRT to attenuate muscle atrophy and maximise recovery postoperatively.


Blood flow restriction Atrophy Hypertrophy Strength adaptations Low load resistance exercise 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen D. Patterson
    • 1
    Email author
  • Luke Hughes
    • 1
  • Johnny Owens
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Sport, Health and Applied ScienceSt Marys UniversityLondonUK
  2. 2.Owens Recovery Science, INCSan AntonioUSA

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