Advertisement

Chivalry, Nobility, and Romance: Richard Hurd and the Ideal Elizabethan Past

  • Jurriaan van Santvoort
Chapter
Part of the Queenship and Power book series (QAP)

Abstract

In 1762, when Richard Hurd (1720–1808) published a small work of historical-literary criticism, this was for him not the start of a long career in literary endeavor or scholarship. While not seeking a career in literary scholarship, Hurd’s two volumes of commentary were hugely successful, going through six editions in just a few years. Thomas Warton (1728–1790) revised his influential Observations on the Fearie Queene of Spenser (1754) after reading Hurd’s third Dialogue, on the Age of Queen Elizabeth. This chapter examines Hurd’s Elizabethan past, in which the monarchy, in the person of Elizabeth, and the nobility were in a balance of political power, while chivalry and romance formed the cultural and literary norms.

Bibliography

Primary Sources

  1. Bolingbroke, H. St. John, Viscount. Historical Writings, ed. Isaac Kramnick. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1972.Google Scholar
  2. ———. Political Writings, ed. David Armitage. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.Google Scholar
  3. Brewer, Sarah. ed. The Early Letters of Bishop Richard Hurd, 1739–1752. Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer, 1995.Google Scholar
  4. Brooks, Cleanth. ed. The Percy Letters: Vol. 2, The Correspondence of Thomas Percy and Richard Farmer. Baton Rouge: Louisiana University Press, 1946.Google Scholar
  5. Fortescue, Sir J. ed. The Correspondence of King George the Third: From 1760 to December 1783, 6 vols. London, 1928.Google Scholar
  6. Hervey, J. Hervey, Baron. Ancient and Modern Liberty Stated and Compared. London, 1734.Google Scholar
  7. Hume, David. The History of England: From the Invasion of Julius Caesar to the Revolution of 1688, 6 vols. Indianapolis: Online Library of Liberty, 1983.Google Scholar
  8. Hurd, Richard. Letters on Chivalry and Romance. London, 1762.Google Scholar
  9. ———. Moral and Political Dialogues; with Letters on Chivalry and Romance, 3 vols. London, 1788, sixth edition.Google Scholar
  10. Hutcheson, Francis. An Inquiry into the Original of Our Ideas of Beauty and Virtue in Two Treatises. Indianapolis, 2004.Google Scholar
  11. Kilvert, Francis. Memoirs of the Life and Writings of the Right Rev. Richard Hurd, D. D., Lord Bishop of Worcester; with a Selection from his Unpublished Correspondence and Other Unpublished Papers. London, 1860.Google Scholar
  12. Macaulay, Catherine. The History of England from the Accession of James I to That of the Brunswick Line, 8 vols. London, 1765.Google Scholar
  13. Oldmixon, John. A Pastoral Poem on the Victories at Schellenburgh and Blenheim: Obtain’d by the Arms of the Confederates, under the Command of His Grace the Duke of Marlborough. London, 1704.Google Scholar
  14. Pearce, E. H. The Correspondence of Richard Hurd and William Mason, ed. Leonard Whibley. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014.Google Scholar
  15. Prior, Matthew. The Literary Works of Matthew Prior, eds. H. B. Bunker Wright and Monroe K. Spears, 2 vols. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1959.Google Scholar
  16. Rapin-Thoyras, Peter de. The History of England, as well Ecclesiastical and Civil, trans. Nicholas Tindal, 15 vols. London, 1731.Google Scholar
  17. Robertson, William. The History of Scotland During the Reigns of Queen Mary and King James VI. Till His Accession to the Crown of England, 2 vols. London, 1781.Google Scholar
  18. Upton, John. Spenser’s Faerie Queene: A New Edition with a Glossary, and Notes Explanatory and Critical, 2 vols. London, 1758.Google Scholar
  19. Warton, Thomas. Observations of the Faerie Queene of Spenser London, 1754.Google Scholar
  20. Secondary Sources

    1. Allan, David W. ‘“An Institution Quite Misunderstood”: Chivalry and Sentimentalism in the Late Scottish Enlightenment’, in eds. Katie Stevenson and Barbara Gribling, Chivalry and the Medieval Past, 15–34. Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer, 2016.Google Scholar
    2. ———. Virtue, Learning and the Scottish Enlightenment: Ideas of Scholarship in Early Modern History. Edinburgh: Edinburg University Press, 1993.Google Scholar
    3. Brewer, John. Party Ideology and Popular Politics at the Accession of George III. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1976.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    4. ———. ‘English Radicalism in the Age of George III’, in ed. J.G.A. Pocock, Three British Revolutions: 1641, 1688, 1776, 323–67. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Legacy Library, 1980.Google Scholar
    5. Browning, Reed. Political and Constitutional Ideas of the Court Whigs. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1986.Google Scholar
    6. Cannon, John. Aristocratic Century: The Peerage of Eighteenth-Century England. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    7. Carlson, David, R. “Historicism and the In Medium Sordes of Hurd’s Letters on Chivalry and Romance.” Exemplaria, 3 (1991): 95–108.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    8. Christie, Ian, R. Wilkes, Wyvill and Reform: The Parliamentary Reform Movement in British Politics 1760–1785. London: Macmillan, 1962.Google Scholar
    9. Clement, Jennifer. “Elizabeth I, Patriotism, and the Imagined Nation in Three Eighteenth-Century Plays.” Intellectual History Review, 22 (2012): 391–410.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    10. Cohen, Michèle. “‘Manners’ Make the Man: Politeness, Chivalry, and the Construction of Masculinity.” Journal of British Studies, vol. 44 (2005): 312–329.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    11. Connell, Philip. “British Identities and the Politics of Ancient Poetry in Later Eighteenth-Century England.” The Historical Journal, 49 (2006): 161–192.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    12. Das, Nandini. Renaissance Romance: The Transformation of English Prose Fiction, 1570–1620. Farnham: Routledge, 2011.Google Scholar
    13. Davis, Alex. Chivalry and Romance in the English Renaissance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.Google Scholar
    14. Dickinson, H. T. Liberty and Property: Political Ideology in Eighteenth-Century Britain. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1977.Google Scholar
    15. ———, The Politics of the People in Eighteenth-Century Britain. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 1995.Google Scholar
    16. Ditchfield, G. M. and Sarah Brewer. “Richard Hurd (1720–1808), Bishop of Worcester,” Oxford Dictionary of National Biography http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/10.1093/ref:odnb/9780198614128.001.0001/odnb-9780198614128-e-14249, accessed January 15, 2018.
    17. Ferguson, Arthur, B. The Chivalric Tradition in Renaissance England. Washington D. C.: Folger Books, 1986.Google Scholar
    18. Frushell, Richard, C. Edmund Spenser in the Early Eighteenth Century: Education, Imitation and the Making of a Literary Model. Pittsburgh, PA: Dusquene University Press, 1999.Google Scholar
    19. Ganim, John, M. “The Myth of Medieval Romance,” in eds. R. Howard Bloch and Stephen G. Nichols, Medievalism and the Modern Temper, 148–166. Baltimore, MD, 1996.Google Scholar
    20. Gerrard, Christine. The Patriot Opposition to Walpole: Politics, Poetry and National Myth, 1725–1742. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    21. Gossman, Lionel. Medievalism and the Ideologies of the Enlightenment: The World and Work of La Curne de Sainte-Palaye. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins Press, 1968.Google Scholar
    22. Harling, Philip. The Waning of ‘Old Corruption’: The Politics of Economical Reform in Britain, 1779–1846. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    23. Harris, Robert. Politics and the Nation: Britain in the Mid-Eighteenth Century. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    24. Haugen, Kristin, L. “Chivalry and Romance in the Eighteenth Century: Richard Hurd and the Disenchantment of the Faerie Queene.” Prose Studies: History, Theory, Criticism, 23 (2000): 45–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    25. Hone, Joseph. Literature and Party Politics at the Accession of Queen Anne. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    26. Kramnick, Jonathan, B. “The Cultural Logic of Late Feudalism: Placing Spenser in the Eighteenth-Century.” ELH, 63 (1996): 871–892.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    27. ———, Making the English Canon: Print-Capitalism and the Cultural Past, 1700–1770. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.Google Scholar
    28. Lynch, Jack. The Age of Elizabeth in the Age of Johnson. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.Google Scholar
    29. McCoy, Richard, C. The Rites of Knighthood: The Literature and Politics of Elizabethan Chivalry. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1986.Google Scholar
    30. Newman, Gerald. The Rise of English Nationalism: A Cultural History, 1740–1830. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 1987.Google Scholar
    31. O’Brien, Karen. Narratives of Enlightenment: Cosmopolitan History from Voltaire to Gibbon. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    32. Radcliffe, David, H. Edmund Spenser: A Reception History. Columbia, SC: Camden House 1996.Google Scholar
    33. Taylor, Barbara. “Feminists versus Gallants: Manners and Morals in Enlightenment Britain,” in eds. Sarah Knott and Barbara Taylor, Women, Gender and Enlightenment, 30–52. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.Google Scholar
    34. Terry, Richard. Poetry and the Making of the English Literary Past, 1660–1781. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    35. Van Santvoort, Jurriaan, M. “Chivalric Models of Patriot Kingship: Gilbert West, Lord Lyttelton and The Idea of a Patriot King.” History of European Ideas, 44 (2018): 14–34.Google Scholar
    36. Walker, Julia, M. The Elizabeth Icon: 1603–2003. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    37. Watkins, John. Representing Elizabeth in Stuart England: Literature, History, Sovereignty. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.Google Scholar
    38. Weinbrot, Howard, D., Britannia’s Issue: The Rise of British Literature from Dryden to Ossian. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    39. Wilkinson, Hazel. Edmund Spenser and the Eighteenth-Century Book. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jurriaan van Santvoort
    • 1
  1. 1.Brighton CollegeBrightonUK

Personalised recommendations