Causes and Effects of Water Pollution in Romania

  • Iuliana Gabriela BreabanEmail author
  • Ana Ioana Breaban
Part of the Springer Water book series (SPWA)


After 2007, Romania adopted and implemented EU legislation on water management. Romanian groundwaters are polluted locally from point sources (landfills) and from diffuse sources of pollution (fertilizers, pesticides and canals, in urban areas). Over-exploitation of underground water wells can lead to indirect diffuse pollution, causing salty water intrusion, exploitation of mineral aggregates. In order to establish water quality, Romania applies a monitoring flow in accordance with the WFD, both for surface water bodies as well as for groundwater bodies. Nowadays are 3.027 surface water bodies from which 2470 are natural water bodies, 488 heavily modified water bodies and 69 artificial water bodies. 50% of all bodies of surface water have been classified as heavily modified water bodies (35%) or artificial water (15%) while 16% (23/143) of underground water bodies were outside the chemical parameters imposed by the rules. Pressures are generated by (i) human agglomeration (lack of connection to the sewerage system and to the sewage treatment plants); (ii) industry (wastewater discharges); (iii) agriculture (nutrient and pesticide emissions); (iv) hydrotechnical works (dams, dikes, sills, weirs, diversions); (v) other anthropic activities.


Pollution Water quality Surface water Groundwater Sources 



This work was financially supported by the Department of Geography from the “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University, of Iasi, and the infrastructure was provided through the POSCCE-O 2.2.1, SMIS-CSNR 13984-901, No. 257/28.09.2010 Project, CERNESIM. Also, the authors would like to dedicate this chapter to the memory of late professor Gheorghe Romanescu, a true scholar, who thrived on learning and helping others learn.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Iuliana Gabriela Breaban
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Ana Ioana Breaban
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Geography, Faculty of Geography and GeologyAlexandru Ioan Cuza University of IasiIasiRomania
  2. 2.Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi, CERNESIMIasiRomania
  3. 3.Faculty of Hydrotechnical Engineering, Geodesy and Environmental EngineeringTechnical University “Gheorghe Asachi” of IasiIasiRomania

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