Advertisement

Mulches for Nutrient Addition to Soil

  • Khawar Jabran
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Plant Science book series (BRIEFSPLANT)

Abstract

Crop production systems with intensive cultivation of crops are desired to fulfill the food needs of ever-growing populations. This takes more of nutrients from the soil, while the ones added to the soil in the form of synthetic fertilizers are too little to replenish the quantities absorbed by the crops. Worldwide, huge quantities of organic wastes (including those from household, farmyard, or residue of crops) are available but are not fully returned to the soil for the purpose of improving soil fertility. The residue from crops is either burned, fed to animals, or removed from the fields for other purposes. Nevertheless, crop residue as well as the other organic wastes can be utilized for soil restoration. Recent literature indicates that more of researchers are working to put forward the benefits of using straw mulches in agriculture. Straw mulches have been found to increase the contents of soil organic carbon, improve the soil enzymatic activities, and enhance the soil organic matter. High concentrations of nutrients and their improved availability have been generally noted in the agricultural fields with straw or other kinds of organic mulches. Although plastic mulching does not add nutrients to soil, it may facilitate nutrient uptake of crops by enhancing their availability through increase soil moisture levels and regulation of the soil temperature.

Keywords

Straw Compost Soil fertility Nutrient addition to soil 

References

  1. Acosta-Martinez, V., Reicher, Z., Bischoff, M. and Turco, R.F., 1999. The role of tree leaf mulch and nitrogen fertilizer on turfgrass soil quality. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 29(1), 55–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ajwa, H.A. and Tabatabai, M.A., 1994. Decomposition of different organic materials in soils. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 18(3), 175–182.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Akhtar, K., Wang, W., Ren, G., Khan, A., Feng, Y. and Yang, G., 2018. Changes in soil enzymes, soil properties, and maize crop productivity under wheat straw mulching in Guanzhong, China. Soil and Tillage Research, 182, 94–102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Blevins, R.L., Lal, R., Doran, J.W., Langdale, G.W. and Frye, W.W., 2018. Conservation tillage for erosion control and soil quality. In: Pierce, F.J. (ed.) Advances in Soil and Water Conservation (pp. 51–68). Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, United States.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Campbell, A.G., Zhang, X. and Tripepi, R.R., 1995. Composting and evaluating a pulp and paper sludge for use as a soil amendment/mulch. Compost Science & Utilization, 3(1), 84–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chen, Y., Wen, X., Sun, Y., Zhang, J., Wu, W. and Liao, Y., 2014. Mulching practices altered soil bacterial community structure and improved orchard productivity and apple quality after five growing seasons. Scientia Horticulturae, 172, 248–257.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Conant, R.T., Ryan, M.G., Ågren, G.I., Birge, H.E., Davidson, E.A., Eliasson, P.E., Evans, S.E., Frey, S.D., Giardina, C.P., Hopkins, F.M. and Hyvönen, R., 2011. Temperature and soil organic matter decomposition rates–synthesis of current knowledge and a way forward. Global Change Biology, 17(11), 3392–3404.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cooper, J.M. and Warman, P.R., 1997. Effects of three fertility amendments on soil dehydrogenase activity, organic C and pH. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 77(2), 281–283.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Corbeels, M., Scopel, E., Cardoso, A., Bernoux, M., Douzet, J.M. and Neto, M.S., 2006. Soil carbon storage potential of direct seeding mulch-based cropping systems in the Cerrados of Brazil. Global Change Biology, 12(9), 1773–1787.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dawes, T.Z., 2010. Reestablishment of ecological functioning by mulching and termite invasion in a degraded soil in an Australian savanna. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 42(10), 1825–1834.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Erenstein, O., 2002. Crop residue mulching in tropical and semi-tropical countries: An evaluation of residue availability and other technological implications. Soil and Tillage Research, 67(2), 115–133.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Fang, S., Xie, B. and Liu, J., 2008. Soil nutrient availability, poplar growth and biomass production on degraded agricultural soil under fresh grass mulch. Forest Ecology and Management, 255(5–6), 1802–1809.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Fang, S., Xie, B., Liu, D. and Liu, J., 2011. Effects of mulching materials on nitrogen mineralization, nitrogen availability and poplar growth on degraded agricultural soil. New Forests, 41(2), 147–162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Filipović, V., Romić, D., Romić, M., Borošić, J., Filipović, L., Mallmann, F.J.K. and Robinson, D.A., 2016. Plastic mulch and nitrogen fertigation in growing vegetables modify soil temperature, water and nitrate dynamics: Experimental results and a modeling study. Agricultural Water Management, 176, 100–110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hu, J., Wu, J., Qu, X. and Li, J., 2018. Effects of organic wastes on structural characterizations of humic acid in semiarid soil under plastic mulched drip irrigation. Chemosphere, 200, 313–321.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Ibeawuchi, I.I., Iwuanyanwu, U.P., Nze, E.O., Olejeme, O.C. and Ihejirika, G.O., 2015. Mulches and organic manures as renewable energy sources for sustainable farming. Journal of Natural Sciences Research, 5(2), 139–147.Google Scholar
  17. Jun, F., Yu, G., Quanjiu, W., Malhi, S.S. and Yangyang, L., 2014. Mulching effects on water storage in soil and its depletion by alfalfa in the Loess Plateau of northwestern China. Agricultural Water Management, 138, 10–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kalbitz, K., Solinger, S., Park, J.H., Michalzik, B. and Matzner, E., 2000. Controls on the dynamics of dissolved organic matter in soils: a review. Soil Science, 165(4), 277–304.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Lal, R., 2004. Soil carbon sequestration impacts on global climate change and food security. Science, 304(5677), 1623–1627.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Lal, R., 2009. Challenges and opportunities in soil organic matter research. European Journal of Soil Science, 60(2), 158–169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Larco, H., Strik, B.C., Bryla, D.R. and Sullivan, D.M., 2013. Mulch and fertilizer management practices for organic production of highbush blueberry. II. Impact on plant and soil nutrients during establishment. HortScience, 48(12), 1484–1495.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Lehmann, J. and Kleber, M., 2015. The contentious nature of soil organic matter. Nature, 528(7580), 60–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Li, C., Wen, X., Wan, X., Liu, Y., Han, J., Liao, Y. and Wu, W., 2016. Towards the highly effective use of precipitation by ridge-furrow with plastic film mulching instead of relying on irrigation resources in a dry semi-humid area. Field Crops Research, 188, 62–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Li, Z., Schneider, R.L., Morreale, S.J., Xie, Y., Li, C. and Li, J., 2018. Woody organic amendments for retaining soil water, improving soil properties and enhancing plant growth in desertified soils of Ningxia, China. Geoderma, 310, 143–152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Liu, X.J., Wang, J.C., Lu, S.H., Zhang, F.S., Zeng, X.Z., Ai, Y.W., Peng, S.B. and Christie, P., 2003. Effects of non-flooded mulching cultivation on crop yield, nutrient uptake and nutrient balance in rice–wheat cropping systems. Field Crops Research, 83(3), 297–311.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. López, R., Burgos, P., Hermoso, J.M., Hormaza, J.I. and González-Fernández, J.J., 2014. Long term changes in soil properties and enzyme activities after almond shell mulching in avocado organic production. Soil and Tillage Research, 143, 155–163.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Loveland, P. and Webb, J., 2003. Is there a critical level of organic matter in the agricultural soils of temperate regions: a review. Soil and Tillage research, 70(1), 1–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Lützow, M.V., Kögel-Knabner, I., Ekschmitt, K., Matzner, E., Guggenberger, G., Marschner, B. and Flessa, H., 2006. Stabilization of organic matter in temperate soils: mechanisms and their relevance under different soil conditions–a review. European Journal of Soil Science, 57(4), 426–445.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Mo, F., Wang, J.Y., Zhou, H., Luo, C.L., Zhang, X.F., Li, X.Y., Li, F.M., Xiong, L.B., Kavagi, L., Nguluu, S.N. and Xiong, Y.C., 2017. Ridge-furrow plastic-mulching with balanced fertilization in rainfed maize (Zea mays L.): An adaptive management in east African Plateau. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 236, 100–112. 4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Pan, G., Smith, P. and Pan, W., 2009. The role of soil organic matter in maintaining the productivity and yield stability of cereals in China. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 129(1–3), 344–348.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Qu, B., Liu, Y., Sun, X., Li, S., Wang, X., Xiong, K., Yun, B. and Zhang, H., 2019. Effect of various mulches on soil physico—Chemical properties and tree growth (Sophora japonica) in urban tree pits. PLoS One, 14(2), e0210777.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Six, J., Bossuyt, H., Degryze, S. and Denef, K., 2004. A history of research on the link between (micro) aggregates, soil biota, and soil organic matter dynamics. Soil and Tillage Research, 79(1), 7–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Shi, Z.H., Chen, L.D., Cai, C.F., Li, Z.X. and Liu, G.H., 2009. Effects of long-term fertilization and mulch on soil fertility in contour hedgerow systems: a case study on steeplands from the Three Gorges Area, China. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 84(1), 39–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Steinmetz, Z., Wollmann, C., Schaefer, M., Buchmann, C., David, J., Tröger, J., Muñoz, K., Frör, O. and Schaumann, G.E., 2016. Plastic mulching in agriculture. Trading short-term agronomic benefits for long-term soil degradation?. Science of the Total Environment, 550, 690–705.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Su, W., Lu, J., Wang, W., Li, X., Ren, T., Cong, R., 2014. Influence of rice straw mulching on seed yield and nitrogen use efficiency of winter oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) in intensive rice–oilseed rape cropping system. Field Crops Research, 159, 53–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Tian, G., Kang, B.T. and Brussaard, L., 1993. Mulching effect of plant residues with chemically contrasting compositions on maize growth and nutrients accumulation. Plant and Soil, 153(2), 179–187.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Tiquia, S.M., Lloyd, J., Herms, D.A., Hoitink, H.A. and Michel Jr, F.C., 2002. Effects of mulching and fertilization on soil nutrients, microbial activity and rhizosphere bacterial community structure determined by analysis of TRFLPs of PCR-amplified 16S rRNA genes. Applied Soil Ecology, 21(1), 31–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Tu, C., Ristaino, J.B., Hu, S., 2006. Soil microbial biomass and activity in organic tomato farming systems: Effects of organic inputs and straw mulching. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 38, 247–255CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Wang, X., Fan, J., Xing, Y., Xu, G., Wang, H., Deng, J., Wang, Y., Zhang, F., Li, P., and Li, Z., 2018. The Effects of mulch and nitrogen fertilizer on the soil environment of crop plants. Advances in Agronomy, 153, 121–174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Wien, H.C., Minotti, P.L. and Grubinger, V.P., 1993. Polyethylene mulch stimulates early root growth and nutrient uptake of transplanted tomatoes. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 118(2), 207–211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Youkhana, A. and Idol, T., 2009. Tree pruning mulch increases soil C and N in a shaded coffee agroecosystem in Hawaii. Soil biology and Biochemistry, 41(12), 2527–2534.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Zhang, F., Zhang, W., Li, M., Yang, Y. and Li, F.M., 2017. Does long-term plastic film mulching really decrease sequestration of organic carbon in soil in the Loess Plateau?. European Journal of Agronomy, 89, 53–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Khawar Jabran
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant Production and Technologies, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and TechnologiesNiğde Ömer Halisdemir UniversityNiğdeTurkey

Personalised recommendations