Assessing 50 Years of Mangrove Forest Loss Along the Pacific Coast of Ecuador: A Remote Sensing Synthesis

  • Stuart E. Hamilton
Part of the Coastal Research Library book series (COASTALRL, volume 33)


To assess the changes in landuse and landcover resulting from the shrimp farm expansion occurring in each of the study areas, a remote sensing analysis of each estuary in Ecuador is conducted. This remote sensing analysis documents mangrove forest landuse and landcover (LULC) change as well as shrimp farm LULC change that occurred in each of the estuaries. Also, the remote sensing analysis pinpoints the approximate time the LULC transition occurred and the exact location of these LULC changes. The remotely-sensed data has the required spatial, temporal, and radiometric resolutions to detect if shrimp farms directly displaced mangrove forest at the sub-estuary level. This remote sensing analysis can then be used in Chap.  5 to answer the critical question of how much aquaculture-driven LULC change has occurred at the local level since commercial shrimp farms arrived in each estuary in Ecuador. The primary earth observing system (EOS) used to conduct the LULC change analysis is the Landsat program as it has the required resolutions to achieve these stated goals. This chapter describes a repeatable and widely-applicable method based on remotely sensed data synthesis that can be applied to other locations or even other landocovers. All the input, processing, and output data used or generated are provided in an accompanying website.


EOS Landsat Aster Rapid eye Remote sensing Topographic maps Air photos Map projections Land use Land cover Land use change Land cover change 

Supplementary material (1422.5 mb)
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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stuart E. Hamilton
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Geography and GeoscienceSalisbury UniversitySalisburyUSA

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