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Intellectual Property and Transfer of Innovation in Biotechnology

  • Cristina Popa
  • Narcisa Elena Babeanu
  • Ovidiu Popa
Chapter

Abstract

Intellectual property biotechnology, with special emphasis on biotech patents, is considered a strong tool in the development of biotechnological R&D and biotech industry. In the European patent system, more than 50% of the granted biotech patents cover pharmaceutical products, around 40% refer to industrial processes in biotechnology, and the rest are patents granted for application of biotechnology in agriculture and environmental protection.

The authors propose to reveal specific insights into patenting biotechnological inventions, according to the European Patent System, emphasizing what can be protected or not protected by patents in the area of biotechnology, considering the legislation in force in this field, and ethical and moral disputes on this subject.

The authors give special attention to aspects regarding the transfer of innovation in biotechnology, referring to its very specific problems and how intellectual property could interfere with facilitating this transfer of knowledge.

Keywords

Intellectual property Biotech patents Transfer of innovation 

List of Abbreviations

BoA

Board of appeal

EBoA

Enlarged board of appeal

EC

European Commission

EPC

European Patent Convention

EPO

European Patent Office

EU

European Union

G

Decision of the EBoA

GL

Guidelines for examination under the European Patent Convention

IP

Intellectual property

IPR

Intellectual property right

OECD

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

SPC

Supplementary protection certificate

T

Decision of the technical board of appeal

UPOV

Union pour la Protection des Obtentions Vegetales

WIPO

World Intellectual Property Organization

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cristina Popa
    • 1
  • Narcisa Elena Babeanu
    • 2
  • Ovidiu Popa
    • 2
  1. 1.Rominvent SABucharestRomania
  2. 2.Faculty of BiotechnologiesUSAMVBBucharestRomania

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