Hypothetical Soil-Culture System Sub-Models

  • Udo Blum


This chapter describes how conceptual sub-models for soil and soil-sand-culture bioassays in conjunction with quantitative relationships described in the previous chapters and the literature may be used to model how various system elements of soil and soil-sand cultures can potentially modify or control the actions and effects of simple phenolic acids on cucumber seedlings.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Udo Blum
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant & Microbial BiologyNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA

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