Advertisement

Duration of Ignition Delay of Fuel–Air Mixture in Diesel Engines

  • V. F. Guskov
  • A. N. GotsEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)

Abstract

Empirical and semi-empirical dependences for determination of ignition delay time of the fuel–air mixture τi in piston engines with compression ignition were analyzed. While the mathematical simulation of the piston engine cycle, it must be determined the ignition delay time of mixture. It allows not only to forecast the start process of combustion and determine the location of the area of rapid pressure increase relative to the top dead center, but also to improve the angle of start of fuel injection by energy, economical, or environmental indicators. This task is solved at any complexity of the mathematical model of the cycle and is the main one when we were compared calculated and test indicator diagrams of the piston engine cycle. The interdependences obtained by various researchers to determine the ignition delay time of the fuel–air mixture in diesel engines were analyzed. Estimates suggest that a number of formulas give values τi unreal for automobile and tractor engines. Analysis of indicator diagrams of tractor diesel 3CH10.5/12 allowed to rank the determining factors (pressure and temperature of the working medium, speed mode, delivery ratio of air) by the degree of their influence on the ignition delay time of the fuel–air mixture. On this basis, dependence and recommendations can be given for calculating the duration of the ignition delay time of the fuel–air mixture.

Keywords

Ignition delay time Fuel–air mixture Diesel Pressure Temperature Working medium 

References

  1. 1.
    Varbanets RA, Ivanovsky VG (2009) Model of working process in problems of increase of efficiency of operation ship diesel power installations. Materials of the III Ukrainian scientific and technical conference “Modern problems of a engine building: a condition, ideas, decisions.” Pervomaisk, pp 6–10Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Gavrilov AA, Gots AN (2013). Influence of external factors on pressure of a working body in a cycle piston engine Materials of the V Ukrainian scientific and technical conference “Modern problems of a engine building: a condition, ideas, decisions.” Pervomaisk, pp 52–59Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gavrilov AA, Gots AN (2013.) Model of a turbo-supercharging in a cycle of the engine with variable pressure of air upon an admission. Basic Res 8(part 1):24–28Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lebedev ON, Somov VA, Kalashnikov SA (1990) Engine of combustion of river courts. Transport, Moscow, p 320Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Semenov NN (1934) The chain reactions. ONTI, Leningrad, p 110Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Slavutskij VM, Salykin EA, Slavutskij VV (2012) Analys of the factors determining a delay of ignition of fuel in diesel engines. News of VolgSTU. no. 2 (99), (Processes of transformation of energy and power installations) VolgSTU. Volgograd, Release 4:51–54Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Portnov DA (1963) A high-speed turbomondial engines with ignition from compression. Mashgiz, Moscow, p 640Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Tolstov AI (1955) Display the period of delay of ignition and dynamics of a cycle of the high-speed engine with ignition from compression. Works NILD Research of working process and submission of fuel in high-speed diesel engines 1:5–55Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Кavtaradze RZ (2008.) Theory of piston engines. Special the chapter: the Textbook for high schools. Publishing house of MSTU name N.E.Bauman, Moscow, 720 pGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Frank-Kamenetsky DA (1967) Diffusion and a heat transfer in chemical kinetic. M.: Publishing house AN of the USSR, 1987, Nauka, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Frolov SM, Basevich VJ, Frolov FS, Borisov AA, Smetanjuk VA, Avdeev KA, Gots AN (2009) Correlation between drop vaporization and self-ignition. Russ J Phys Chem 3:333–347CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Gavrilov AA, Gots AN (2014) Duration of the ignition delay of the fuel–air mixture in piston engine. J Fundam Res 6–4:703–708Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Skripnik AA, Frolov SM, Kavtaradze RZ, Efros VV (2004) Simulation of ignition in a jet of liquid fuel. J Fundam Res 23(1):54–61Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Frolov SM, Scripnik AA, Kavtaradze RZ (2003) Modeling of diesel spray ignition. Semenov memorial. combustion and atmospheric pollution. Torus Press Ltd., Moscow, pp 220–227Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kavtaradze ZZ, Zelinger Zitzler GK (2005) The ignition Delay in a diesel engine using different fuels. Russian Academy of Sciences. Thermophys High Temp 43(6):947–965Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Voinov AN (1977) Combustion in high-speed diesel engines. Machines Making, Moscow, p 346Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Sitkei G (1964) Kraftstoffaufbereitung und Verbrennung bei Dieselmotoren. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, p 224CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Harbenberg H, Wagner W (1976) Der Zunderverzug in direktteinspritzenden Dieselmotoren. MTZ 7:240–248Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Neugebauer S Das instationare BBetriebsverhalten von Ottomotoren—exherimantelle Erfassung bnd rechnerische Simulation. Dissertation, TU BraunschweigGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Svirodov YB (1972) Mixture formation and combustion in diesel engines. Engineering, Leningrad, p 345Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Fujito H et al (1980) Illumination delay in diesel spray. JASE Paper, no. 800–13, 149 pGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Boehman AL, Le Corre O (2008) Combustion on syngas in internal combustion engines. Combust Sci Technol 6(180):1193–1206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Heywood JB (1988) Internal combustion engine fundamentals. McGrawHill, New York, pp 345–349 Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Lata DB, Misra A (2011) Analysis of ignition delay period of dual Diesel engine with hydrogen and LPG as secondary fuels. Int J Hydrog Energy 36:3746–3756CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Alekseev VP (1974) Equation for the determination of the ignition delay period in the combustion chamber of a diesel engine. News of Universities. Engineering, pp 106–109Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Vladimir State University Named After Alexander and Nikolay Stoletovs (VlSU)VladimirRussia

Personalised recommendations