Determination of Magnetization Efficiency of Wheel-Rail Contact Zone

  • D. Ya. AntipinEmail author
  • V. O. Korchagin
  • M. A. Maslov
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)


Railroad transport has a leading position in the country’s transport network. Similarly to land transport, rail wheels do the following: braking, rolling, and load transmission. The reliability of a wheel-rail system has a direct impact on the traffic safety. Major energy losses in the mechanical part of a rail-mounted locomotive account for the wheel-rail contact region. Hence, the wheel/rail interface is considered fundamental to the performance of railroad transport. The article considers the results of studies of the distribution of the magnetic field between the wheel and the rail, the criteria for evaluating the efficiency of magnetization of the wheel-rail contact zone. It was found that the saturation of the contacting surfaces of the wheel and rail occurs in different ways. For the saturated state at the two-point comb contact, the greatest value of the magnetic field induction on the crest is less than the induction on the riding surface. For the saturated state in the presence of an air gap between the wheel crest and the rail, almost all the magnetic flux is redistributed to the surface of the wheel.


Magnetic field Contact magnetization Wheel profile Contact spot Wheel contour Wheel-rail contact Magnetization efficiency 


  1. 1.
    Kragelsky I, Alisin V (2016) Friction wear lubrication: tribology. Elsevier, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Straffelini G (2015) Friction and wear: methodologies for design and control. Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Sarkar A (1980) Friction and wear. Academic Pr, MassachusettsGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ludema K (1996) Friction, wear, lubrication: a textbook in tribology. CRC Press, Boca RatonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bhushan B (2013) Principles and applications of tribology. Wiley, HobokenCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lundberg O (1975) On the influence of surface roughness on rolling contact forces. Dissertation, KTH Royal Institute of TechnologyGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Golenko A (2010) Fundamentals of machine design. A Coursebook for Polish and foreign students. Wroclaw University of Technology, WroclawGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ivkovic B, Djukdjanovic M, Stamenkovic D (2000) The influence of the contact surface roughness on the static friction coefficient. Tribol Ind 22:41–44Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Fenga B (2017) Effects of surface roughness on scratch resistance and stress-strain fields during scratch tests. AIP Adv 7:38–42. Scholar
  10. 10.
    Keropyan A, Gorbatyuk S (2016) Impact of roughness of interacting surfaces of the wheel-rail pair on the coefficient of friction in their contact area. Procedia Eng 150:406–410. Scholar
  11. 11.
    Wang W, Zhang H, Liu Q, Zhu M, Jin X (2016) Investigation on adhesion characteristic of wheel/rail under the magnetic field condition. J Eng Tribol 230:235–239. Scholar
  12. 12.
    Wang H, Wang W, Liu Q (2016) Numerical and experimental investigation on adhesion characteristic of wheel/rail under the third body condition. J Eng Tribol 230:128–132. Scholar
  13. 13.
    Zhu Y (2013) Adhesion in the wheel-rail contact. Dissertation. KTH Royal Institute of TechnologyGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Foo C, Omar B, Jalil A (2018) A review on recent wheel/rail interface friction management. J Phys 1049:17–21. Scholar
  15. 15.
    Blanco-Lorenzo J, Santamaria J, Vadillo E, Correa N (2016) On the influence of conformity on wheel-rail rolling contact mechanics. Tribol Int 103:647–667. Scholar
  16. 16.
    BS EN 13979-1:2003+A2:2011 Railway applications. Wheelsets and bogies. Monobloc wheels. Technical approval procedure. Forged and rolled wheels. BSI 54pGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    BS EN 13103-1:2017 Railway applications. Wheelsets and bogies. Design method for axles with external journals. BSI. 52pGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    BS EN 13104:2009+A2:2012 Railway applications. Wheelsets and bogies. Powered axles. Design method. BSI. 50pGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    BS EN 13260:2009+A1:2010 Railway applications. Wheelsets and bogies. Wheelsets. Product requirements. BSI. 40pGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    BS EN 13674-1:2011+A1:2017 Railway applications. Track. Rail. Vignole railway rails 46 kg/m and above. BSI. 17pGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Kovalev R, Yazykov V, Mikhalchenko G, Pogorelov D (2003) Railway vehicle dynamics: some aspects of wheel-rail contact modeling and optimization of running gears. Mech Based Des Struct Mach 31:315–334CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Kovalev R, Lysikov N, Mikheev G, Pogorelov D, Simonov V, Yazykov V, Zakharov S, Torskaya E (2009) Freight car models and their computer-aided dynamic analysis. Multibody SysDyn 22:399–423CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Ya. Antipin
    • 1
    Email author
  • V. O. Korchagin
    • 2
  • M. A. Maslov
    • 1
  1. 1.Bryansk State Technical UniversityBryanskRussia
  2. 2.Russian Open Academy of Transport of the Russian University of Transport (ROAT RUT MIIT)MoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations