According to current surveys, there are currently about 18 million office workplaces in Germany, most of which are computerized workplaces. The group of employed people who work in an office environment is by far the largest cohesive population in the labour sector with a share of around 50%. From a medical point of view, the office environment can have both positive and negative effects on the health of those working there. From the point of view of occupational medicine and absenteeism—it is well known that in this group, complaints and diagnoses of the musculoskeletal system are by far the most common negative physical effects. The human body is basically oriented towards constant movement (cf. Grahn and Stigsdotter 2010), and in the office environment, it is predominantly static holding work (see Sect. 10.3 causes and triggers of diseases). Particularly ergonomically inadequately designed workplaces very often induce such complaints within the musculoskeletal system (Petersen 2006).
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