Adequate Office Interior Design
The future office furnishings will reflect the future work and organizational structures. Prof. Wilhelm Bauer, head of the Fraunhofer Institute for Industrial Engineering (IAO), assumes that routine tasks will be performed by intelligent systems in a few years’ time (Bauer 2017). The human being is then mainly needed for work that requires creativity or intuition. This work requires a high level of communication and collaboration and is often organized project-oriented in changing teams with the involvement of external experts. The architectural implementation creates a kind of campus that provides employees with all the resources they need and at the same time gives them a home. When such modern office landscapes are furnished, the individual pieces of furniture are increasingly pushed into the background. The decisive factor is the conception of an individual furnishing solution for each company that corresponds to the tasks, processes and communication flows. The so-called activity-based working, different workplaces inside and outside the company, which optimally support the respective activity, is becoming more and more common in different characters. The development of these furnishing solutions requires a high degree of interdisciplinary competence, which networks topics such as interior design, psychology, organizational and process structure as well as health management. (Deutsches Netzwerk Büro e. V./Initiative Neue Qualität der Arbeit 2017). Activity-based working, an open office landscape, is state of the art concerning office environments according to today’s knowledge. However, the overwhelming majority of employees prefer to work in a cellular structure. This contradiction and the resulting change process for both employees and managers must be carefully designed and sensitively accompanied. Although the so-called multi spaces—if they have been implemented accordingly—demonstrably promote the motivation and identification of employees and can exert a positive influence on their well-being, many employees have to be snatched from their familiar surroundings and accompanied into a new environment that is initially likely to be prejudiced. Adequate office furnishings therefore form the basis for organizational development. The process of change is based on the individual needs of the company and its employees and takes into account important psychological parameters during the transition phase. Due to the increasing pressure to change, it is advisable to start the associated strategic preparations in good time. If the structural factors such as lighting and acoustic planning as well as a work-promoting room climate have been taken into account, the use of functional furniture and sensible furniture planning can create zones for different work situations. In addition to ergonomically verifiable parameters, the room is always about the individual experience of the person and his situation at the workplace.
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