Provision and Finance of Infrastructure

  • Harry KitchenEmail author
  • Melville McMillan
  • Anwar Shah


This chapter discusses local public infrastructure provision and finance. Local governments provide a notably large share of government infrastructure. This increases the importance of their financing. Infrastructure funds may be drawn from a variety of internal sources including operating revenues (local taxes and user fees), earmarked taxes, reserves, special charges consisting of specific assessments, development charges, and other exactions made up of value capture levies, density bonusing, linkage fees, and parkland dedication. External capital funding may come from tax incremental financing, grants, long-term borrowing in the form of general obligation bonds, revenue bonds, tax-exempt bonds, and public-private partnerships. Each of these instruments is evaluated within the benefits received model of public finance.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EconomicsTrent UniversityPeterboroughCanada
  2. 2.University of AlbertaEdmontonCanada
  3. 3.Governance StudiesBrookings InstitutionWashington, DCUSA

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