Advertisement

The African Union in the Present Context

  • Chinedu Thomas Ekwealor
Chapter

Abstract

Relying on literature evidence of some major conflicts in the 21st century Africa such as the Libyan uprising and the genocide in Rwanda, this chapter presents the twin phenomena of the African Union in the present context through the lenses of Realist Theory. Most African states became independent nations around the 1950s and 1960s. At its inception in 1963, the Organization of African Unity calculatedly rejected interferences in African affairs in whatever form. Upon establishment in 2001, the African Union expanded on existing scope, and as a major shift, included the doctrine of legitimate intervention in Member States. Historians argue that the emergence of an artificially constructed African state by Europeans, coupled with internal and yet sophisticated contradictions, truncated the hope for a successful Africa since birth.

References

  1. Adebajo, Adekeye, and Mark Paterson. 2012. The African Union at Ten: Problems, Progress, and Prospects. Cape Town: Centre for Conflict Resolution.Google Scholar
  2. Adesida, Olugbenga, and Arunma Oteh. 2001. Africa: Visions of the Future. In African Voices African Visions, ed. Olugbenga Adesida and Arunma Oteh, 10–18. Stockholm: Elanders Gotab.Google Scholar
  3. Agenda 2063 Framework Document, Africa We Want, 2015. African Union Commission, September 2015.Google Scholar
  4. Alden, C., and M. Soko. 2005. South Africa’s Economic Relations with Africa: Hegemony and Its Discontents. The Journal of Modern African Studies 43 (3): 367–392.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Amuwo, A. 2009. Capitalist Globalisation Role of the International Community in Resource Conflict Africa. Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa 34: 227–266.Google Scholar
  6. Cammack, P. 2006. The Politics of Global Competitiveness. Manchester: Manchester Metropolitan University.Google Scholar
  7. Constitutive Act of the African Union. 2000. The Act. Available at: https://au.int/sites/default/files/pages/34873-file-constitutiveact_en.pdf.
  8. Ekwealor, C. T. 2013. The United Nations Security Council in Africa: The Conundrum of State and Human Insecurity Paradigm in Libya. Master’s Dissertation, School of Social Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa.Google Scholar
  9. ———. 2015a. Hegemonic Antagonism in the ‘Royal House’: A Threat to Regional Peace and Security. University for Peace, Africa Programme Monograph 2 (2): 19–30.Google Scholar
  10. ———. 2015b. The Nexus between the United Nations Security Council Reform and Peace Building in Africa. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of KwaZulu-Natal.Google Scholar
  11. ———. 2017. The Art of Conflict Transformation in Africa. Peace Review 29 (3): 341–349.  https://doi.org/10.1080/10402659.2017.1344534.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ekwealor, C.T., and Khondlo Mtshali. 2016. African Union and United Nations: Praying Peace But Preaching War. Journal of African Union Studies 5 (2): 23–38.Google Scholar
  13. Ekwealor, C.T., and U.O. Uzodike. 2016. The African Union Interventions in African Conflicts: Unity and Leadership Conundrum on Libya. Journal of African Union Studies 5 (1): 63–82.Google Scholar
  14. Hartzell, C., and M. Hoddie. 2003. lnstitutionalising Peace: Power Sharing and Post-Civil War Conflict Management. American Journal of Political Science 47 (2): 318–332.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hawkins, Virgil. 2003. Measuring United Nations Security Action and Inaction in the 1990s: Lessons for Africa. Africa Security Review 12 (2): 61–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kalu, K. 2009. Resolving African Crises: Leadership Role for African States and the African Union in Darfur. http://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajcr/article/viewFile/52164/40790.
  17. Kioko, B. 2003. The Right of Intervention Under the African Union´s Constitutive Act: From Non-interference to Non Intervention. IRRC 85 (852): 807–825.Google Scholar
  18. Kuwali, Dan. 2009. The End of Humanitarian Intervention: Evaluation of the African Union’s Right of Intervention. Journal of Conflict Resolution 9 (1): 41–61.Google Scholar
  19. Mearsheimer, J.J. 2001. The Tragedy of Great Power Politics. New York: Norton.Google Scholar
  20. Morgenthau, H.J. 1948. Politics Among Nations: The Struggle for Power and Peace. 7th ed. New York: McGraw Hill Higher Education.Google Scholar
  21. Moyo, Dambisa. 2009. Dead Aid: Why Aid Makes Things Worse and How There Is Another Way for Africa. London: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
  22. OAU Charter. 1963. Charter. Done in the City of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, May 25, 1963.Google Scholar
  23. Olukoshi, A. 2010. The African Union and African Integration: Retrospect and Prospect. In Building the African Union: An Assessment of Past Progress and Future Prospects for the African Union’s, ed. G. Laporte and James Mackie, Vol. 8 (2), Serial No. 33, April 2014, pp. 353–365. Copyright© IAARR 2014: www.afrrevjo.net. 365 Indexed African Journals Online: www.ajol.info. Institutional Architecture (ECDPM Policy and Management Report 18). Maastricht: http://www.ecdpm.org/pmn8
  24. Omotola, Shola J. 2014. The African Union and the Promotion of Democratic Values in Africa: An Electoral Perspective. South African Institute of International Affairs, Occasional Paper No 185, May 2014.Google Scholar
  25. Raleigh, Clionadh, Lisa Jordan, and Idean Salehyan. 2008. Assessing the Impact of Climate Change on Migration and Conflict. The World Bank Group, 1–41.Google Scholar
  26. Schwab, K. 2014–2015. The Global Competitive Report. World Economic Forum. Insight Report. http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_GlobalCompetitivenessReport_2014-15.pdf
  27. Tieku, T.K. 2009. Solidarity Intervention: Emerging Trends in AU’s Interventions in African Crisis. Speaking Notes for the Workshop on “Africa International: Agency and Interdependency in a Changing World”, Chatham House, London, UK.Google Scholar
  28. United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, African Union, African Development Bank and United Nations Development Programme. 2015. MDG Report 2015: Assessing Progress in Africa toward the Millennium Development Goals. Economic Commission for Africa, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.Google Scholar
  29. United Nations Educational, Scientific Cultural Organisation. 2015. Regional Overview SubSaharan Africa. Education/or All Global Monitoring Report 2000–2015, 1–16.Google Scholar
  30. Waltz, K.N. 1979. Theory of International Politics. Long Grove, IL: Waveland Press Inc.Google Scholar
  31. ———. 2003. Realist Thought and Neorealist Theory. Journal of International Affairs 44 (1): 21–37.Google Scholar
  32. World Bank Group. 2017. As Natural Disasters Rise, Countries Call for Action on Resilient Crisis Recovery Planning. Accessed March 13, 2018. http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2017/06/06/asnatural-disasters-rise-countries-call-for-action-on-resilient-crisis-recovery-planning

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chinedu Thomas Ekwealor
    • 1
  1. 1.University of KwaZulu-NatalDurbanSouth Africa

Personalised recommendations