The World Meteorological Organization and Space-Based Observations for Weather, Climate, Water and Related Environmental Services
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This chapter provides an overview of the space-related activities of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and its Space Programme. The WMO Space Programme was established by the fourteenth World Meteorological Congress in 2003. Its overall objective is to increase the effectiveness and contributions of space-based observing systems to WMO Programmes and to coordinate the related meteorological and environmental satellite matters and activities. As such, the WMO Space Programme acts as a bridge between satellite operators and users and is supported by a dedicated WMO Space Programme Office (SAT) consisting of the Space-Based Observing System Division (SBOS) and the Satellite Data Utilization Division (SDU). A major aim of the Programme is to help achieve the WMO Vision for the WMO Integrated Global Observing System (WIGOS) in 2040 by implementing the space-based observing system component of WIGOS, and to enhance the capacity of WMO Members to translate space-based data and products into societal benefits. The objective of the Programme is achieved through strong partnerships with the Coordination Group for Meteorological Satellites (CGMS) and the Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS) and their respective working groups and subsidiary bodies.