Simplified Analysis of the Early Stage Self-loosening of a Shear-Loaded Bolted Joint
The self-loosening of a joint through unscrewing of the bolt is a phenomenon mainly occurring when the assembly is solicited by transverse repeated loads. Previous works highlighted that the transversal sliding of the bearing surfaces, either in the threads or underneath the bearing surfaces of bolts and/or nuts, is its root cause and that this phenomena begins during the first loading cycles. In order to study the early stage of this self-loosening, a simplified numerical model has been developed. The latter factors the bearing surfaces of the bolt, the preload, the friction coefficient, the amplitude of the shear-load and the fastener’s material. Through measurements and interpretation of the results, the shearing of the fastener has been identified as the main deformation leading to the self-loosening of the assembly, while the bending of the fastener shank limits the self-loosening. Moreover, according to the values of preload and shear-load, the behaviors were identified and an interpretation has been proposed.
KeywordsSelf-loosening Bolted joints Shear-load Finite elements analysis
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