Clinical Implications

  • Ewa Grodzinsky
  • Märta Sund Levander


Decisions about changes in body temperature should be based on scientific knowledge and evidence-based experience. Yet, still in clinical practice, decisions are mostly based on tradition, and personal ideas and beliefs. As the range of body temperature is wider than traditionally asserted and varies with different conditions, body temperature should be evaluated in relation to individual variability. Since normal body temperature shows individual variation, it is reasonable that the same should hold true for increased temperature in the febrile response. Therefore, instead of a fixed cut-off value, an increase from the individual baseline body temperature and feelings of malaise, the so-called Diff Temp, should be assessed as fever.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ewa Grodzinsky
    • 1
  • Märta Sund Levander
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Pharmaceutic ResearchLinköping UniversityLinköpingSweden
  2. 2.Department of NursingLinköping UniversityLinköpingSweden

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