European Values Under Attack?
The ‘return to Europe’ was on the Baltic agenda early on, and this chapter applies a longitudinal perspective. The surveys used in this book give us important information about the trajectories of the three Baltic countries during the formative years leading up to European Union (EU) accession and beyond. They include questions tapping attitudes towards democracy in theory and at work, which often overlap with the political conditions for EU membership. In the second part, the chapter turns to the large question about the state of democracy in the region by asking if there is support for alternatives to liberal democracy and other values embraced by the European Union. Has there been a democracy backlash or not? If not, has the support for liberal democracy been rather hollow all along? In the final section, the question of political socialisation is raised. Are young people in the region more responsive to liberal democracy than the upper-age cohorts, and if so, what happens to them over time?
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