Influence of Different Ionospheric Disturbances on the GPS Scintillations at High Latitudes
In this work we compare the influence of auroral particle precipitation and polar cap patches (PCP) on scintillations of the GPS signals in the polar ionosphere. We use the GPS scintillation receivers at Ny-Ålesund, operated by the University of Oslo. The presence of the auroral particle precipitation and polar cap patches was determined by using data from the EISCAT 42 m radar on Svalbard. We analyzed more than 100 events for years 2010–2017, when simultaneous EISCAT 42 m and GPS data were available. For some of the events, the optical aurora observations on Svalbard were also used. We consider the following types of the auroral precipitation: (i) the dayside and morning precipitation, (ii) precipitation on the nightside during substorms, (iii) precipitation associated with the arrival of the interplanetary shock wave. All considered types of ionospheric disturbances lead to enhanced GPS phase scintillations. For the polar cap patches, the morning and daytime precipitation (i), and precipitation related to the shock wave (iii), the phase scintillations index reaches values less than 1 rad. We observe that auroral precipitation during substorms leads to the greatest enhancement of the phase scintillation index (up to 3 rad). Thus, the substorm precipitation has the strongest impact on the scintillation of GPS radio signals in the polar ionosphere.
KeywordsIonosphere Aurora GPS receivers Substorm
The authors thank the Norwegian Polar Research Institute at Ny-Ålesund for assisting us with the GPS receiver in Ny-Ålesund, Bjørn Lybekk and Espen Trondsen for the instrument operations. The IMF data are provided by the NASA OMNIWeb service (http://omniwegsfc.nasa.gov).
The authors wish to thank IMAGE (http://www.ava.fmi.fi/image/), EISCAT groups for the available data. EISCAT is an international association supported by research organizations in China (CRIRP), Finland (SA), Japan (NIPR and STEL), Norway (NFR), Sweden (VR), and the United Kingdom (NERC). Data from EISCAT can be obtained from the Madrigal database http://www.eiscat.se/madrigal.
This study is supported by the RSF grant № 18-77-10018.